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托福口语备考如何“以一当十”
众所周知,TPO无疑是最好的托福备考资料,TPO中的口语话题,也应该被各位同学充分利用。这时,就有同学会说,不是我想偷懒,但是 TPO中的题目实在是太多了,我时间有限,怎么办呢?
以托福口语第一题为例,15 秒的准备时间,45 秒的答题时间,如果没有准备的话,即使让以英语为母语的本土英国人或者美国人来回答,他们也很难在 15 秒之内组织出一个逻辑清楚、表达清晰的论述。那么中国考生到底该如何准备托福口语?考生们如何在有限的时间,用有限的素材“以一当十”呢?这里乐闻携尔张颖老师将为大家介绍一个相对高效的准备和练习方法。
TPO1中的第一题介绍一本你曾经读过的对你而言有一定特殊意义的书,并在你的答案中给出具体的细节和例子。以 2003年的某本儿童读物《驯龙记》为例,备考时可以准备的内容有:
The book, which is very important to me, is named How to Train Your Dragon, and where local people fought against dragons. The hero is a boy who was thought too weak to fight with a dragon like others. But one day, he somehow took one down. Instead of killing it, he nursed it back to health and then they became good friends. Meanwhile, the adults were trying to locate the Dragon Nest, but all failed. When the friendship between the boy and his pet dragon was dragged into the sunlight, the adults forced the dragon to help them find the Dragon Nest. The boy believed that their battle against the dragon nest was crazy since he had been to the Dragon Nest once and he knew there lived a real mighty monster which controlled other dragons. So in order to save the elders, he showed his friends how to train the dragons and they flew to the battlefield. The battle was tough and in the end they won the battle and killed the monster but at the cost of one of the boy’s legs. However, it was worthwhile. Since then, other dragons were freed from the monster’s tyranny; all the people there no longer treated dragons as enemies or devils but friends.I find the book important because it moves me in four aspects.
First, I love Norse mythology. Norse mythology is a subset of Germanic mythology. It flourished in North Europe during the early Middle Ages. Compared with other mythology, like Roman or Egyptian ones, Norse mythology is very different. The most obvious difference is that those gods, no matter how powerful they are, are not immortal and will eventually end up in death. It makes the gods more like normal human beings. After the famous event known as Ragnarok, the world of the gods was almost destroyed, but it was also the sign of the rise of the new world.
Second, the heroine, a little girl named Astrid, really attracts me. She is pretty and tough. Well, she is slightly different from traditional Chinese ladies who are family- centered and obedient. I prefer girls to be independent.
Third, I love the background music of the movie adaptation. Since it is a mythical Viking story, the background music is really Scottish. As the desolate bagpipe solo sounds, I feel like I can really see the violet thistle and pinkish heath across the entire highland; and those lovely black-faced Scottish sheep are like pearls spreading on the velvet blanket. I have been to Scotland before. There I visited Edinburgh, the Border, lochNess and Ben Nevis. Bagpipers in kilt I saw there are artists I love the most.
准备了这些内容,你就可以轻松应付这些可能考到的题目:
(1)说一个你喜欢的故事(或电影)及原因。这时可以简要说一下故事内容,并挑一两个理由。
(2)你关心哪些社会问题。这就可以用到其中的第一点原因中准备的内容,然后说很多人也在关心同样的问题,并用不同的手法去表达,如在这部电影中。
(3)如果问想去哪里玩或者曾经去过哪里,当然就可以说苏格兰了。
(4)问喜欢哪种题材的文学作品或者电影,你可以说喜欢神话题材的作品,然后以这个故事举例。
在这个过程中,我们看似是准备了一个话题,但是实际上,我们已经准备好了很多其他相关的问题。我们在备考的时候,就是要多多地去这样准备,在考试时,则需要尽快地想到切题的准备材料。


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