托福写作:修辞手段升级作文


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  托福考试中很多学生的作文整体上语言简单,没有什么过多修饰,有些考生的作文还会偏口语化,甚至跑题。想要在托福写作中拿到分数,最重要的是要学会巧用修辞,使写作升级。

巧用修辞

1. 排比对称结构

Despite all the evidence, experts continue to debate weather global warming exists, how extensive the problem is, what the likely effects will be and whether any remedy is possible.

Despite all the evidence, experts continue to debate the existence of global warming, the extent of the problem, its likely effects and any possible remedy.

2. 比喻

(1)明喻:比喻词出现:as, like, as if…

In many ways, no doubt, our world grows more and more complex, sputniks cannot be simple; yet how many of our complexities remain futile, how many of our artificialities false. Simplicity too can be subtle-as the straight lines of a Greek temple, like the Parthenon at Athens, are delicately curved in order to look straighter still.

(2)暗喻:比喻词不出现。

America has given the Negro people a bad check, which has come back marked insufficient funds.

3. 对照:加深印象

Extremism in defense of liberty is no vice; moderation is the pursuit of justice is no virtue.

4. 类比

The Negro has a callus growing on his soul and it is getting harder and harder to hurt him here. That is a simple law of nature. Like a callus on the foot in a shoe that is too tight. The foot is nature’s and that shoe was put on by man. The tight shoe will pinch your foot and make you holler and scream. But sooner or later, if you do not take the shoe off, a callus will form on the foot and begin to wear out the shoe.

It is the same with the Negro in America. That shoe-the white man’s system—has pinched and rubbed and squeezed his soul until it has almost destroyed him. But it did not. And how a callus has formed on his soul, and unless that system is adjusted to fit him, too, that callus is going to wear our that system.

5. 拟人

Dawn was beginning to prowl about the sky and put out the starts.

6. 夸张

For she was beautiful—her beauty made the bright world dim, and everything beside seemed like the fleeting image of a shade.

以上就是托福写作中怎样巧用修辞升级作文,大家要在备考中不断地练习。

只看不写,看到的东西就不能是你的,写出来改善下记住了,这才是你的东西,才是你的思想。另外,作文应该是个人化的,从一开始就在语言上打造属于自己的烙印才是上策。


辛达小编找到的是作者的一些见解,希望可以为考生们寻找到最好得分方式。这些资料大家可以作为参考吸收到自己的经验谈之中,适合自己的方法就是最好的方法,希望对大家有所帮助。

最后,辛达代报希望广大考生们在备考过程中提升自己的语言水平,取得更好的成绩。
有需要代报考位的同学们,可以直接联系我们,辛达竭诚为您服务。(*^__^*) 嘻嘻…