写作万能例子——艺术


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   托福写作要求咱们短时刻内呈现出一片三五百字的文章,还要留意文章的逻辑架构以及言语运用。所以说托福写作环节还是十分急迫的。咱们要想出几条分观点的一同还要给出比方来佐证,那么提早在脑海里预备一些比方就是十分重要的了,能够应对考场上无话可写的状况,也能够留出时刻来酌量言语方面的表达。那么托福写作有什么全能比方呢?那么能够说就是艺术类的了,下面辛达代报为我们整理了一些关于艺术的新鲜比方,一同来看一看吧。

  1.立异

  Marcel Duchamp

  马塞尔·杜尚,这是现代艺术史中的传奇人物,构思百出,信马由缰,最知名的乱搞是在摊上买了一个尿池,命名为《泉》,拿到艺术馆展出。杜尚家底十分殷实,是罕见的走在年代顶级而不必忍耐赤贫的艺术家。他涉及的艺术范畴极端广泛,能够看作近代艺术里的达芬奇。

  他的比方简直能够用到一切跟艺术相关的标题,其他类的部分标题也能够用(比方立异,outsider什么的—用来做弥补:不需要是外来者,只需坚持观念敞开仍然能够成果breakingthrough的achievement)

  布景:French-born American artist (though he always denied being “an artist”)

  His works had a major impact to the direction of 20 century art. All his life, he changed the form of art as well as himself. He introduced the European movement Cubism(立体主义) and dada(达达主义) to United States, and was influential in surrealist(超实际主义,很有名的达利就是搞这个的) movement.

  此外他还和installation art(设备艺术), concept art(概念艺术)这些现在很火的艺术形式有关

  泉的比方:Fountain, an ordinary, mass-produced urinal that has been transformed into a work of art simply by being exhibited in a gallery and receiving a new title.

  他说过一句话,Art may be bad, good or indifferent, but, whatever adjective is used, we must call it art, and bad art is still art in the same way as a bad emotion is still an emotion.

  能够用来扩展解释他思维的敞开,一同把art和形容词换掉也是很好的 辨证类型的 GRE语句

  2.实际对艺术的影响

  Dada

  前面说到的达达主义。由于跟社会、战役联络很严密,所以拿出来讲:

  DADA是一战今后欧洲的诗人画家搞的,由于战役的严酷让他们意识到之前的那些形而上的出生的艺术很没含义,有一部分就开端搞更没有含义的DADA

  The slaughter of World War I affected artists in different ways. Some felt, as Mondrian did, that human betterment lay in the creation of an impersonal, mechanistic way of life. Still others concluded that the very idea of human betterment was a pointless illusion. For this group, the main lesson of the war, if anything, was the bankruptcy of reason, politics, technology, and even art itself. On this premise, several artists and poets founded a movement whose name, dada, was purposely meaningless, and whose members ridiculed anything having to do with culture, politics, or aesthetics

  再弥补一个实际跟艺术相连的,名望大一点,老朋友Picasso,不过是以著作为突破口,应该不会那么多相同

  Guernica(就是一副长的、上面都是牛头马面的画,Guernica是西班牙北部的小镇,德国人把那炸了,毕加索听到后悲愤丛生,就画了它)

  《Guernica》 The painting’s color scheme proved effective for conveying the cruel reality

  Spanish painter Picasso created the masterpiece when he heard of the bombing of Guernica during Spanish Civil War

  3.另一些凄惨的艺术家

  伦勃朗Rembrandt, 维梅尔Vermeer (荷兰黄金时期的两个大师,方法立异,在光影体现上都有独到之处。都不受一同代人注重,很契合我们心目中艺术家的Stereotype,能够用来替换梵高、毕加索这类妇孺皆知的大佬)

  Rembrandt(艺术成果上比Vermeer高点)

  Rembrandt, Dutch baroque artist, who ranks as one of the greatest painters in the history of Western art. His work made an enormous impact on his contemporaries and influenced the style of many later artists. Perhaps no painter has ever equaled Rembrandt's chiaroscuro effects or his bold impasto.

  Vermeer(不知道我们看过《戴珍珠耳环的女孩》girl with a pearl earring吗,就是说他的,不过故事是假的,Vermeer的日子可能比电影里更惨)

  Jan Vermeer reputed the greatest painter besides Rembrandt in Dutch Golden Age, had a marvelous ability in expressing lights and shadow, but he died young left his family no legacy but deep debt. During his lifetime, he had not sold one piece of his paintings. After his death Vermeer did not receive attention until the late 19th century. His reputation steadily increased thereafter, and today he is considered one of the greatest Dutch painters.

  4.跨专业的牛人

  跨专业范畴,outsider achievement的文章很适用

  艺术》数学

  M.C. Escher (艾舍尔,就是画图形突变、实际中不存在的空间的画的人,很牛,也很神经质,他只上过中学,著作却很受数学家推重。)

  Dutch M.C Escher leaps from art to mathematics. Escher had no formal mathematical training beyond secondary school, but his fantastic print works, such as Escher Limit Cycle and Day and Night, are most greatly admired by mathematicians, who recognized his work an extraordinary visualization of mathematics principles, and considered him a part of them.

  数学》艺术

  分性艺术创始人,IBM研究院搞数学、物理的,成果创造出了新的艺术形式,分形艺术。

  Benoit Mandelbort was a scientist at IBM Watson Research Center. On his retirement from IBM, he joined the Yale Department of Mathematics. By now, you can tell any connections between him and art. Nonetheless, he has created a new geometry of nature called fractal that is centered in physics and mathematics, and being reputed as a innovative form of art. The explanation is that artist and scientist are expressing in distinct methods but journeying the same destination, such as balance, harmony, symmetry, and the like.

  5.现代与立异的结合

  就是我们都很了解的规划中银大厦,卢浮宫金字塔的老贝,这儿引证的是卢浮宫的比方。

  Louvre, national art museum of France.

  Chinese-born American architect I. M. Pei designed this controversial glass pyramid (completed in 1989) at the entrance to the Louvre, a museum in Paris, France. Noted for his unique arrangements of geometric shapes, Pei also earned a reputation for his creative use of space, surfaces, and materials. One of the foremost architects of the 20th century, Pei has designed important public and corporate buildings throughout the world and has worked with urban renewal.

  以上是辛达代报带来的关于艺术的几个例子,希望我们能够在不同的视点了解运用。一定要记住灵敏的将比方运用在自己的文本中,而不是写小段生搬硬套!最后,辛达代报预祝广大考生早日实现梦想,飞跃重洋!