写作词汇如何活用


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   托福写作中的几大要素,逻辑、内容和言语。这三者综合起来形成一篇文章,假如逻辑明晰,内容贴合、描绘详实,加上言语运用灵敏精确,那么托福写作是可以获得高分的。逻辑上面和内容上相对比较简略掌握,可是在词汇、句式的灵敏应用上确是一个难题。可咱们往往并没有满足的时刻进行言语的堆集,那么托福写作词汇运用应该掌握什么样的技巧才干愈加灵敏多变呢?

  托福写作中用词禁绝确是很简略犯的缺点,good,terrible,see,nice,kind,greatly,think,know,something等词汇在学生作文中重复呈现。这些词自身并没有问题,是英语常用词,可是它们表达的意思过于含糊,很多情况下,应该运用意义愈加精确的词。何况,学生老是运用这几个词会给人以表达形式单调,托福写作词汇量匮乏,文章缺少感染力的形象。下面的一些例子,经过换用一、两个精确生动的词语或是运用一些固定搭配及习语就使整个语句增色不少。

  1.Original: Solving trivial problems in the dorm will add your social experience and help you to understand other people’s feelings and learn to be kind.

  Revised: Solving trivial problems in the dorm will enrich your social experience and help you to understand other people’s feelings and learn to be considerate.

  亮点分析

  add,kind表达的意义都比较广泛。add可以指数量上的添加,也可以指程度的加强,关于“丰厚经历、添加常识”这个意思,用enrich会使表达更精确。kind从字面意义上讲是“好的、善良的”,用kind来形容人无法详细地表现出一个人的性格特征到底怎样,原句中是想表达“考虑周到、无微不至”的特色,要精确表达这个意义应挑选considerate。

  2. Original: Science and technology have greatly influenced our lives and our society is changing very rapidly.

  Revised: Science and technology have come to pervade every aspect of our lives and, as a result, society is changing at a speed which is quite unprecedented.

  亮点分析

  greatly,rapidly归于常用词,表明程度高、速度快,这样的词在表达作用上不行详细,缺少说服力,在修改后的语句中用了pervade every aspect of our lives就详细生动地表现出科技的影响力到底有多大,其影响力已渗透到咱们日子的方方面面,at a speed which is quite unprecedented意为“以一种史无前例的速度”,形象地道出了改变速度之快。

  3. Original: Young people tend to think that real life is as nice and interesting as it is in the novels and movies, while more experienced adults think this kind of naive daydream will only be destroyed by later experiences and every one should learn to get used to common everyday life.

  Revised: Young people tend to think that real life is as dramatic and fascinating as it is in the novels and movies, while more experienced adults think this kind of naive daydream will only be destroyed by later experiences and every one should learn to get used to tedious everyday life.

  亮点分析

  nice,interesting,common都归于一般词汇,用到语句中也显得平平苍白。nice的意思是“好的,令人愉快的”,interesting是“风趣的”,这两个词都不能精确地描绘出年轻人所神往的美好日子,句中想表达的是年轻人以为日子好像小说、电影一般充满戏剧改变,激动人心,要表现这层意义应该用dramatic,fascinating。dramatic表明“影响的,戏剧性的,给人深入形象的”,fascinating表明“具有强烈吸引力的,迷人的,使人颠三倒四的”,这两个词的程度要比nice,interesting深得多,表现力也更强。原句用common表达实际的现实日子的枯燥无味是禁绝确的,common的意思是“一般的,往常的”,一般往常的东西不一定是枯燥的,tedious是表明“(因过长、过慢或单调)令人厌倦的,烦人的”,刚好传达呈现实日子因为琐碎和重复而变得索然寡味这种意义。

  4. Original: You should compete to live in this society.

  Revised: You should compete for survival; otherwise, you will be thrown out of the tide of society.

  亮点分析

  原句平平平淡,仅仅通知人们要在社会安身,有必要竞赛,但这样一句简略的劝说好像缺少说服力,修改后的语句用了compete for survival,为了生计而竞赛,并且后边又添加了一个并排分句,弥补阐明了假如不compete的结果就是be thrown out of the tide of society,被社会的浪潮所筛选,运用这些愈加详细深入的词汇可以形象生动地表现出竞赛的惨烈。

  5.Original: I really believe that smoking is harmful to people’s health.

  Revised: I have a profound conviction that smoking is harmful to people’s health.

  以上就是辛达代报带来的托福写作词汇运用的技巧,要想得到托福高分,单词的多样性和新鲜程度也是必不可少的,所以日常的堆集是十分必要的。最后,辛达代报预祝广大考生早日实现梦想,飞跃重洋!