写作开篇的几种方法


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   托福写作如果有一个杰出的开篇是对整篇文章的全体感觉都有一个杰出作用的。有许多同学不知道托福写作开篇应该写什么,所以照抄了标题部分获得了低分。那么托福写作应该怎样开篇,怎样积累有关最初的托福写作资料呢?辛达代报下面介绍几种最初办法:

  1. 用副词最初

  (1) 副词润饰全句

  Luckily, he didn’t know my phone number; otherwise, he would bother me.

  Incredibly, Helena got straight A in her school report this semester.

  Interestingly, cats and dogs can hardly get along well in a house.

  润饰全句常用的副词有:

  obviously undoubtedly

  apparently fortunately

  clearly unfortunately

  incredibly luckily

  unluckily surprisingly

  frighteningly

  这些副词大多数表明说话人对全句的看法,在意思上持平与 “It is ... 形容词that ...” 。 例:

  Obviously, he is nervous about the test. =It is obvious that he is nervous about the test.

  Unfortunately, he tripped over and fell in the mud. =It is unfortunate that he tripped over and fell in the mud.

  (2) 着重副词

  Hurriedly, the man drew me a scratch map to show me the direction.

  Dangerously, the drunkard sped down the street.

  Slowly and gently, snowflakes were drifting down from the sky.

  (3) 副词表明某一地域或某一范畴

  Geographically, Canada is the biggest country in the world.

  Financially, she is independent, but emotionally she is dependent.

  2. 用插入语最初,表明说话人的情绪,或使语句的意思愈加准确

  Strangely enough, Jennifer does not enjoy sunshine and beach.

  Generally speaking, winter in Vancouver is gloomy.

  类似的插入语有:

  no wonder,no doubt

  in other words,in my opinion

  in conclusion,in fact

  as a matter of fact

  3. 用形容词、并列形容词或形容词短语最初,润饰语句的主语,表明主语的特征或状况

  Frantic, the young mother rushed out the door with the baby in her arms.

  Tasty and crisp, potato chip are a favorite snack for both children and adults.

  Happy at his good marks at school, the little boy skipped on his way home.

  Desperate and hopeless, the poor man committed suicide.

  4. 用分词、分词短语最初

  (1) 润饰语句主语,表明主语所在的状况或主语一起进行的另一个较谓语动词非必须的动作

  Scared, the girl moved timidly and cautiously into the dark room.( 状况)

  Chased by my dear pet cat, the mouse dashed into a small hole.( 状况 )

  Spoiled by his parents, the naughty boy always insists on things he wants.( 状况)

  Puffing and hugging, he finished his run.( 另一动作)

  Looking at herself in the mirror, she fingered her silk scarf on her shoulder.( 另一动作)

  (2) 润饰谓语动词,表明原因、时刻等

  Lying down on the couch, he felt much relaxed.( 时刻)

  Feeling bored, she turned on the TV and switched from channel to channel.( 原因)

  Wanting to find out the business hour, she called the store.( 原因)

  Having completed the form, he mailed it out immediately.( 时刻)

  5. 用介词短语最初,表明语句谓语动词发作的时刻、地址、方法、原因、条件等

  On seeing him approach, the girl immediately turned her face to a shop window

  pretending to look at something there.( 时刻)

  Around the corner, a crowd gathered.( 地址)

  Unlike his father, Peter touches neither cigarettes nor alcohol.( 方法)

  Due to the limit of seats, he was not accepted.( 原因)

  In case of fire, use the stairways.( 条件)

  6. 动词不定式最初,着重谓语动词动作的意图

  To celebrate the arrival of the Millennium, we held a grand party in the hotel.

  To show my trust on him, I deposited $ 10,000 into his bank account.

  7. 用独立分词短语最初,使语句有正式的滋味

  Birds singing in the tree, another routine day starts.

  Sea gulls flying over the water, the old fisherman flung his fishing meat into the open sea.

  A dog following them, the police searched every suspect.

  8. 用过渡句最初,表明此句与上下句的联系

  Consequently, I slowed down to avoid a fine ticket.

  In fact, she was a kindhearted woman.

  9. 用同位语最初,表明主句坐落动词发作的时刻、地址、原因、方法、条件等

  A signing officer of the bank, Jane signs her name hundreds of times each day at work.

  A TV addict, Jim watches TV movies one after another every evening until after midnight.

  10. 用副词从句最初,表明主句谓语动词发作的时刻、地址、原因、方法、条件等

  When you are in need of help, give me a call.

  Wherever you go, I follow.

  Since your children love hamburgers and fries, we might as well eat in MacDonald.

  As if it were summer, everybody wear shorts and a T-shirt.

  In case that you get lost, call me at this number.

  11. 用名词从句最初,作整句的主语

  Whether you take the position or not makes great difference to me.

  Why I am unhappy is something I can’t explain.

  What they should do about the hole in the roof is their most pressing problem.

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