写作高分必备的词汇


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  常常看到有经历说托福写作字数越多分数越容易高。可是事实上,字数多并不一定意味着内容丰厚,如果是多余的内容,或许是因为逻辑紊乱拼凑出的内容,或许是内容多可是结构反而不明晰,这样的字数越多反而成为低分的一大问题。所以托福写作高分需求的不是词汇单纯的多,而是一些要点高分词汇的出现。那么这些词汇是什么呢?又该怎么运用呢?

  托福写作常用替换词

  大部分考生在运用形容词、动词时感到“囊中羞涩”,这样表现出来就是在一篇写作中一再运用一个词来表述一个/相似的意思。

  英语的同义表达要善用近义词。所以在选词时要考虑主题、目标及情形。因为前史的原因,现代英语除本族语外,还包含许多的法语和拉丁来历的词,这就使英语的近义词适当丰厚。

  下面是辛达代报带来的一些常用形容词替换词,赶忙背下来吧!

  褒义形容词

  1 表达 “重要的”important

  一出口就光会说这个,你有没有想过以下这些高分的替换词汇?

  (1)vital ['va?t(?)l]:必不可少的;对…极重要的;生命的;保持生命所必需的

  It is no doubt that the education of the youth is vital to a country.

  不言而喻,青年人的教育关于一个国家的未来是至关重要的。

  (2)crucial ['kru??(?)l]:至关重要的;关键性的

  The requirement upon listening skill has always been a crucial part of English acquisition.

  听力技术的要求一直是英语习得的重要一环。

  (3) prominent ['pr?m?n?nt]:重要的;出名的;出色的;显眼的

  Archimedes had a very prominent saying: give me a fulcrum and I can pry up the whole earth.

  阿基米德有句名言:给我一个支点,我能够撬起整个地球。

  (4)cardinal ['kɑ?d(?)n(?)l]: 最重要的,最基本的;n. 基数;枢机主教;纯数;红衣凤头鸟(见于北美,雄鸟为鲜红色)

  Every one suspects himself of at least one of the cardinal virtues.

  每个人都认为他自己至少有一种首要的品德。

  2 优异的 good

  (1)excellent ['eks(?)l(?)nt]:优异的;出色的;极好的;(用以表明愉快或附和)好极了

  It takes years of hard work to be an excellent interpreter.

  要成为一名优异的口译员,要经过多年的艰苦尽力。

  (2)outstanding [a?t'st?nd??]:出色的;尚待解决的;杰出的

  The girl who won the scholarship was quite outstanding.

  得奖学金的女孩是适当优异的。

  (3) extraordinary [?k?str??dnri]:意想不到的;令人惊讶的;奇怪的;不往常的

  The virtue of a man ought to be measured not by his extraordinary exertions, but by his everyday conduct.

  一个人的品德不是经过特殊的发挥丈量,而是经过他日常行为而定。

  (4) remarkable [r?'mɑ?k?b(?)l]:特殊的;奇特的;显着的;有目共睹的

  The walk down Broadway, then as now, was one of the remarkable features of the city.

  散步百老汇大街,在当时也和现在相同,是这个城市有目共睹的特征之一。

  3 风趣的 interesting

  (1)amusing [?'mju?z??]: 有意思的,好玩儿的

  She told us about some of the amusing incidents of her holiday.

  她给咱们讲她在假日里的趣事。

  (2) entertaining [ent?'te?n??]:风趣的;文娱的;使人愉快的

  The children staged an entertaining puppet show.

  孩子们表演了一场十分风趣的木偶戏。

  (3) engaging [?n'ge?d???]:风趣的;令人愉快的;迷人的

  His engaging personality made him popular with his peers.

  他迷人的特性使他深受同龄人的喜欢。

  4 有生机的 energetic

  (1) dynamic [da?'n?m?k]:充溢生机的;活泼的;精力充沛的;不断变化的

  Mr. Mason was quite alive now, interrogative, dynamic and a bit dictatorial in his manner, even to his old friend.

  梅森先生精力抖擞,象在盘查似的,精力很充沛,那神态,似乎对他的老朋友也有些独断。

  (2) vigorous ['v?g(?)r?s]:充溢生机的;充溢热情的;激烈的;精力旺盛的

  The whiteness of her skin under the caress of this hale vigorous morning light was dazzling, pure, of a fineness beyond words.

  在这强劲有力的晨光的爱怜下,她那洁白的皮肤白得叫人耀眼,又那么细洁,说不出的娇嫩。

  (3) animated ['?n?me?t?d]:有生气的;活泼的;火热的;兴味盎然的

  His observations gave rise to an animated and lively discussion.

  他的言辞引起了一场气氛火热而活泼的评论。

  5 满足的 abundant

  (1) ample ['?mp(?)l]:满足的;充盈的;丰满的;硕大的

  Going to bed early will give you ample rest and will help you rise early.

  早点去睡能给你充沛的歇息,以及早上的可能。

  (2) plentiful ['plent?f?l]:许多的;许多的;满足的;丰厚的

  There, by a close application to business as a merchant, he acquired a plentiful fortune in a few years.

  在那儿,他专心经商,几年之后,挣了一大笔钱。

  (3) generous ['d?en(?)r?s]:大方的;大方的;大方给予的;丰厚的

  It was generous of her to lend me so much money.

  她大方地借给我这么多钱。

  6 英勇的 brave

  (1) courageous [k?'re?d??s]:英勇的;无畏的

  It is courageous of you to tell us the truth .

  你很英勇,通知了咱们事实。

  (2) bold [b??ld]:斗胆自傲的;勇于表达情感的;勇于冒险的;显着的 n.粗体,加粗

  It was about this time I conceived the bold and arduous project of arriving at moral perfection.

  大约这时,我心中形成了一个斗胆而又艰巨的方案,要使品德到达至善至美的地步。

  (3) fearless ['f??l?s]:不怕的;无畏的;斗胆的

  Fearlessness stems from selflessness. ; Only the selfless can be fearless.

  忘我故能无畏。

  7 合理的 reasonable

  (1) sound [sa?nd]:正确的;合理的;正确的;牢靠的

  She gave me some very sound advice.

  她给了我一些十分合理的主张。

  (2)rational ['r??(?)n(?)l]:合理的;理性的;正确的;沉着的

  There is no rational explanation for his actions.

  对他的所作所为无法作出合理的解说。

  (3) sensible ['sens?b(?)l]:正确的;沉着的;合理的;切合实际的

  It would seem more sensible to apply standards flexibly rather than rigidly.

  灵敏地运用标准比死守标准会显得更入情入理。

  8 出名的 famous

  (1) renowned [r?'na?nd]:有名的;出名的;受敬重的

  She became renowned for her elegant designs in fitted dresses for the modern woman .

  她以雅致合身的现代女性服装设计而出名。

  (2) noticeable ['n??t?s?b(?)l]:值得注意的;显着的;清楚明了到

  There's been a noticeable improvement in her handwriting.

  她的书写有了显着提高。

  (3) notable ['n??t?b(?)l]:值得注意的;显着的;重要的

  It is notable that the business spa differs from its traditional counterpart in two main respects.

  值得注意的是,商务水疗与传统水疗在两个首要方面有着不同。

  9 有利的 helpful

  (1) favorable ['fe?v?r?bl]:有利的;赞许的;优惠的

  He made a favorable impression on her father.

  他给她的父亲留下了很好的形象。

  (2) beneficial [ben?'f??(?)l]:有利的;获益的;有利于

  It can be beneficial to share your feelings with someone you trust.

  向自己信任的人倾吐爱情是很有利处的。

  (3)rewarding [r?'w??d??]:值得做的;有利的;酬劳高的

  It is a very rewarding exercise to work this out oneself.

  单独解决这个问题是一次获益匪浅的训练。

  中性形容词

  1 许多 many

  (1) numerous ['nju?m(?)r?s]:许多的;许多的;为数许多的

  There are numerous reasons why . . . , and I shall here explore only a few of the most important ones.

  有许多原因能够解说为什么…。我在此只讨论几个最重要的。

  (2) a host of:许多

  I believe that this view is mistaken and that it leads to a host of entirely unnecessary difficulties.

  我信任这种看法是过错的,而且它导致一大堆彻底不必要的困难。

  (3) multitude of:许多;许多;许多的

  These things now, as memory played over them, resolved themselves into a multitude of scenes and figures.

  现在,这一切在回想中变幻成了许多的场景和形象。

  (4) plenty of : 许多;许多的;满足的

  There's plenty of research showing that this is one of the best ways to trim your food budget.

  许多研讨显现,这是减少食物预算的最好方法。

  2 不同的 different

  (1)various ['ve?r??s]: 各种不同的;各式各样的;具有多种特征的;多姿多彩的

  These data have been collected from various sources.

  这些数据是从各方面收集来的。

  (2) a variety of: 各式各样的;多种多样的;多种的

  A great number of enzyme and bacterial preparations with a wide variety of trade names have been marketed as agents.

  各式各样的产品商标的酵素和细菌制品,现已作为试剂销售。

  (3) diverse [da?'v??s]: 不同的;相异的;多种多样的;形形色色的

  People hold diverse attitudes toward these new regulations.

  人们关于这些新规定抱有不同的情绪。

  3 遍及的 common

  (1) commonplace ['k?m?nple?s]: 一般的;一般的;遍及的

  Mobile telephony is now commonplace around the world.

  移动电话在世界各地现在很常见。

  (2) universal [ju?n?'v??s(?)l]: 遍及的;整体的;全世界的;共同的

  She had explained to me that the White Tara was the goddess of universal compassion.

  她对我说,白度母是普渡众生的慈善的女神。

  (3) pervasive [p?'ve?s?v]: 遍及的;充溢遍地的;充溢的

  It is the most pervasive compound on earth.

  它是地球上最遍及的化合物。

  4 仅有的 only

  (1) solely ['s??ll?]: 单独地;仅有地;只是

  Success should not be measured solely by educational achievement.

  成功与否不该只用学业成绩来衡量。

  (2) unique [ju?'ni?k]: 仅有的;绝无仅有的;共同的;稀有的

  Catering culture, which has always been a symbol of social progress and civilization, has unique aesthetic value.

  服饰文化是社会文明的标志之一,具有共同的审美价值。

  (3) merely ['m??l?]: 只是,只不过

  You are merely reciting facts that you have learned by rote.

  你只是在背诵自己死记硬背下来的东西。

  5 贫穷的 poor

  (1) needy ['ni?d?]:缺乏日子必需品的;贫穷的;缺乏自傲的;需求精力支撑的

  Needy and handicapped people depend on government relief for their support.

  穷人和残疾人依靠政府的救助保持生计。

  (2) impoverished [?m'p?v?r??t]:贫穷的;不名一文的;匮乏的;瘠薄的

  The rural people have been impoverished by a collapsing economy.

  经济溃散使农村区域的人们一贫如洗。

  (3) in poverty:贫穷;在贫穷之中;在贫穷中

  He was bred up in poverty.

  他是在贫穷的日子环境中长大的。

  6 殷实的 rich

  (1) wealthy ['welθ?]:赋有的;殷实的;丰饶的

  All of them came from wealthy, upper class families.

  他们悉数来自赋有的上流社会家庭。

  (2) well-heeled ['wel'hi:ld]:有钱的;有钱人;日子条件比较好的人

  The well-heeled people helped rebuild the countryside road.

  有钱人协助重建了村庄的道路。

  Both families are reasonably well-heeled and comfortably-off.

  两家人都适当赋有,都日子得很舒适。

  (3) well-to-do:小康的;宽余;经济宽余

  She comes from a well-to-do family.

  她身世于一个小康之家。

  7 大的 big

  (1) vast [vɑ?st]:广阔的;巨大的;巨大的;许多的

  The vast variety of his knowledge enabled him to adorn and light up every subject on which he touched.

  他学识渊博,能把每一个话题讲得轻松愉快、饶有风趣。

  The pollution has already turned vast areas into a wasteland.

  污染现已使大片区域沦为穷山恶水。

  (2) massive ['m?s?v]:巨大的;大而重的;健壮的;十分严重的

  He turned about, the moonlight showing like a layer of snow upon his massive shoulders.

  他回过身子,月光像层雪似的披覆在他那广大的膀子上。

  (3) enormous [?'n??m?s]:巨大的;许多的;巨大的

  There can be a pension, not enormous but sufficient, for her sister for the remainder of her life.

  可能有一笔抚恤金,数目不算很大,但满足给她姐姐颐养天年。

  The enormous difficulty makes him cynical about the feasibility of the idea.

  巨大的困难让他对这个主见是否可行持置疑情绪。

  8 新的 new

  (1) brand-new:全新的;新制的;暂新的

  They find themselves in different spaces, everything is all brand new.

  他们在不同的空间寻找自我,每件事都是全新的。

  (2) fresh [fre?]:新鲜的;新产的;刚摘的;新近的

  The company set to make a fresh start under a new broom.

  公司预备在新任领导的带领下开创新局面。

  (3) novel ['n?v(?)l]:新颖的;异乎寻常的;珍惜的

  It is hardly to be believed that this remarkable "novel in tones" was conceived by a young man.

  令人难以信任的是,就是这个年轻人构思出了这部特殊的“音乐小说”。

  贬义形容词

  1 有害的 harmful

  (1) damaging ['d?m?d???]:形成破坏的;有害的;损害的

  Many chemicals have a damaging effect on the environment.

  许多化学物质都对环境有破坏性的影响。

  (2) ruinous ['ru??n?s]:耗资巨大的;无法承当的;破坏性的;导致严重问题的

  The decision has proved to be ruinous.

  事实证明这个决定形成了损害。

  (3) destructive [d?'str?kt?v]:破坏性的;极端风险的

  The city witnessed the destructive force of the storm.

  这座城市遭受了这场暴风雨的巨大破坏力。

  2 困难的 difficult

  (1) demanding [d?'mɑ?nd??]:要求高的;需求高技术(或耐性等)的;吃力的;要求极严的

  He found he could no longer cope with his demanding job.

  他发现自己已无力应对这份费神吃力的作业了。

  (2) laborious [l?'b??r??s]:耗时吃力的;辛苦的

  They had the laborious task of cutting down the huge tree.

  他们要完结采伐大树的艰苦作业。

  (3) formidable ['f??m?d?b(?)l]:可怕的;令人敬畏的;难抵挡的

  A formidable prospect lies ahead of him.

  他的远景令人忧惧。

  He took on the formidable task of reforming the whole system.

  他承当起变革整个体系的艰巨使命。

  3 无聊的 boring

  (1) dull [d?l]:枯燥无味的;沉闷的;无聊的;不亮堂的

  The conference was deadly dull.

  会议开得暮气沉沉的。

  (2) tiresome ['ta??s(?)m]:令人厌倦的;无聊的;累人的

  I find it very tiresome doing the same job day after day.

  日复一日做相同的作业让我觉得十分无聊。

  (3) tedious ['ti?d??s]:冗长的;噜苏的;单调庸俗的;令人厌烦的

  He that can read and meditate will not find his evenings long or life tedious.

  会读书和思考的人不会感到长夜无聊或许日子庸俗。

  4 忧虑的 worried

  (1) anxious ['??(k)??s]:忧虑的;巴望的;着急的

  I'm anxious for her to do as little as possible.

  我盼她尽量少干。

  He was anxious about the enormity of the task ahead.

  他为眼前使命的艰巨性而感到焦虑。

  (2) apprehensive [?pr?'hens?v] 忧虑的;忧虑的;疑惧的;惊骇的

  She was deeply apprehensive that something might go wrong.

  她很忧虑可能要出什么差错。

  The long delay had made me quite apprehensive.

  长期的耽误使我适当忧虑。

  (3) fraught [fr??t] 充溢(不愉快事物)的;焦虑的;忧虑的;忧虑的

  You're looking very fraught, Mildred! Is there anything the matter?

  米尔德丽德!看起来你忧心如焚,有什么不对劲吗?

  It has been a somewhat fraught day.

  这是令人颇为忧虑的一天。

  5 懊丧的 sad

  (1)depressed [d?'prest] 郁闷的;懊丧的;毅力低沉的;患郁闷症的

  The news that he had not pass the exam depressed him a lot.

  没有经过考试的音讯让他很懊丧。

  She felt very depressed about the future.

  她感到出路无望。

  (2) gloomy ['glu?m?] 漆黑的;昏暗的;幽暗的;郁闷的

  The light is gloomy in the farm house , but the children study very very conscientiously .

  农舍里光线暗淡,但孩子们学习很很仔细。

  They found him in gloomy, downbeat mood.

  他们发现他情绪低落,无精打采。

  (3) frustrated [fr?'stre?t?d] 波折的;失意的;受波折

  The police frustrated the bandit's attempt to rob the bank.

  警方波折了强盗抢劫银行的企图。

  6 置疑的 doubtful

  (1) skeptical ['skept?k?l] 置疑地;心存疑问地;将信将疑地

  However, I encourage you to be skeptical about what I tell you.

  可是,我鼓舞你们置疑我所通知你们的东西。

  Many were skeptical about this solution.

  许多人对这一解决办法表明置疑。

  (2) suspicious [s?'sp???s] 感觉可疑的;置疑的;令人置疑的;不信任的

  The ingenuous person had never thought of being suspicious of what others told him.

  单纯的人历来不会置疑别人通知他的话。

  Most organizations are, quite understandably, suspicious of new ideas.

  大多数机构对新主意持置疑情绪,这不难理解。

  (3) incredulous [?n'kredj?l?s]

  She gave me an incredulous glance.

  她表明置疑地向我瞥了一眼。

  另一类是逻辑词汇,在托福独立写作评分标准中,逻辑是被要点说到的哦!

  An essay at this level largely accomplishes all of the following:

  1. Effectively addresses the topic and task.

  2. Well organized and well developed, using clearly appropriate explanations, exemplifications, and /or details.

  3. Displays unity, progression, and coherence.

  4. Displays consistent facility in the use of language, demonstrating syntactic variety, appropriate word choice, and idiomaticity, though it may have minor lexical or grammatical errors.

  用好逻辑词会使得自己的思路表达得很明晰,内容结构很明晰,给大家整理了一些高分逻辑词汇。

  托福写作高分逻辑词

  1.补充(Addition)

  in addition, furthermore, again, also, besides, moreover, what`s more, similarly, next, finally.

  2.比较(Comparison)

  in the same way, likewise, similarly, equally, in comparison, just as

  3.对照(Contrast)

  whereas, in contrast, on the other hand, instead, however,nevertheless, unlike, even though, on the contrary, while

  4.因果(Cause and effect)

  because, because of, for, since, due to, owing to, thanks to, as a result(of), accordingly, hence, so, thus

  5.着重(Emphasis)

  certainly, above all, indeed, of course, surely, actually, as a matter of fact, chiefly, especially, primarily, in particular, undoubtedly, absolutely, most imprtant

  6.退让(Concession)

  although, though, after all, in spite of, nevertheless, still, provided, while it is true...

  7.例子(Exemplification)

  for example, for instance, that is, namely, such as, in other words, in this case, by way of illustration.

  8.总结(Conclusion)

  to sum up, to conclude, in a word, in short, in brief, all in all, in all, to put it in a nutshell, in summary

  9.揣度(Inference)

  therefore, as a result(of), consequently, accordingly, so, otherwise

  10.时间和空间(Time and space)

  afterward, after, first, later, then, soon, outside, near, beyond, above, below, on the right(left), in the middle, opposite, in front of

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