写作常见的语法错误


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  托福写作是托福考试中需求堆集基本功的一项,也是大多数同学温习的时分最没有条理的一项。其中触及的不仅是词汇、词组、句型、语料的堆集,还有思想逻辑的培育和语法常识的理解。假如在思想逻辑上呈现问题,则全篇的布局架构不过关而从根本上失分。假如细节语料元素不行丰厚也很难到达托福写作的高分。托福写作中语法问题假如呈现过错,则是较大的扣分项。那么托福写作中都有什么常见的、需要咱们避免的语法过错呢?

  1、托福写作比较目标的对等

  在比较结构中,留意前后比较事物要对等。常用that和those来指代“比较结构”里从前说到的名词。

  比方:The merits of serious movies far outweigh funny movies.

  应改为:The merits of serious movies far outweigh those of funny movies.(those指代的是前半句的比较目标merits)

  2、托福写作语句不完好

  不完好语句指的是语句傍边短少主语或谓语等,无法构成一个完好的语句。

  比方:A movie that inspires deep emotions.(只要名词加定语从句,不是完好的语句)

  应改为:She went to see “The Silver Star”, a movie that inspires deep emotions.

  3、托福写作语句不间断

  不间断语句指的是用逗号来衔接两个完好的语句。

  比方:There is increasingly widespread reliance on electronic mail, some people still resist using it, especially those who prefer handwritten letters.

  应改为:Although there is increasingly widespread reliance on electronic mail, some people still resist using it, especially those who prefer handwritten letters.(依据两句之间的联系,参加连词)

  4、托福写作语句主谓不共同

  主谓不共同指的是语句中主语与谓语没有坚持数的共同。

  比方:Many students thinks tomorrow is a holiday.

  应改为:Many students think tomorrow is a holiday.

  再比方:The use of cell phones during concerts are not allowed.

  应改为:The use of cell phones during concerts is not allowed.

  5、托福写作可数名词完好

  可数名词“裸奔”指的是可数名词之前没有冠词,也没有变为复数方式。

  比方:Even expert or scholar specializing in a certain field might cover a vast spectrum of knowledge in order to succeed.

  应改为:Even experts or scholars specializing in a certain field might cover a vast spectrum of knowledge in order to succeed.(可数名词变复数方式)

  6、托福写作but和however用法

  but和however都表明转机,可是but是连词,而however是副词,也就是说however是不能来衔接两个独立分句的。

  比方:Printed books are limited in space, however, space is not an issue for electronic ones.

  应改为:Printed books are limited in space. However, space is not an issue for electronic ones. (用句号将原句分成两个独立分句)

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