写作获得高分的必要写作结构


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  托福写作很多同学都依托模板,平常操练的很少,首要考考场的发挥。但事实上,托福写作假如纯靠网上网罗的模板,那么分数必然不会高。托福写作高分需求咱们自己构成行文套路,并在考场上依据标题发散思想,运用平常的积累才能够取得托福写作高分。那么托福写作高分需求咱们有什么样的结构?怎样区分托福写作的文章结构呢?

  一般来说,是五段三点式,也就是考生所熟知的鱼骨头(Fish Bone)式。这样的托福写作的文章结构就是最为遍及的议论文结构,最初段+中心三段+结束段。考生们可不要小看这样的托福写作的文章结构,觉得它过于简略。实际上,托福写作考查的就是托福考生是否能娴熟运用这样的托福写作的文章结构来表达自己对一个观念的观念。因而,在预备托福写作的时候,托福考生们应该特别留意要娴熟运用五段三点式这样的结构。

  最初段

  首要,一个杰出的初步是非常重要的,最初段首要用以下几种方法来组织,即布景法(Background), 争议法(Controversy),发问法(Question),故事法(Story)和导言法(Quotation)。

  以布景法为例。布景法一般会提出一种遍及的或值得重视的现象作为布景或许是由远到近,由大到小地议论紧扣论题的社会观念作为布景。

  布景(1-3句)+论题+反方观念+(反方理由)+过度+(正方观念)+作者的观念+作者的理由

  以2007年8月11日的独立写作试题为例:

  Technology makes people's lives more complicated.

  标题触及到了如今社会比较热门的论题---科技。这样,咱们就可以以这种社会比较重视的现象作为咱们作文的最初布景。因而这个标题的首段就可以这样开端:

  Technology has had tremendous impacts on every aspect of modern life. However, people are having conflicting opinions about whether it has made people's lives more complicated or not. I believe technology has by and large made our lives more convenient.

  榜首句话就是一句紧贴社会的布景,这样写不光很容易打开考生自己的思路,捉住作文的焦点,还能引起考官的共鸣。

  主体

  主体阶段供给了证明观念的理由,是整个文章的主体,在评分中占有很大的比重。一般来说,一篇议论文有必要包含至少两个主体段。

  每个主体段都有必要有清晰的主题句“topic sentence”和若干支撑句“supporting sentences”。他们一同组成文章的理由段,对全文的观念供给理由支撑。辛达代报建议初学者在操练议论文写作时,有必要遵循理由段开展的几个简略准则,这对敏捷完结理由段、构建连接和理由充沛的议论文大有协助。这几个简略准则包含:

  1.每个主体段都有必要有一个清晰的主题句;

  2.支撑句有必要环绕主题句打开;

  3.需求用多种方法供给细节打开阶段。

  咱们一同来看一下第二条准则:支撑句有必要环绕主题句打开,仔细看以下这个主体段:

  Hobbies are important for many reasons. First, a hobby can be educational. For example, if the hobby is stamp collecting, the person can learn about the countries of the world and even some of their history. Second, engaging in a hobby can lead to meeting other people with the same interests. A person can also meet other people by going to the school.Third, a person's free time is being used in a positive way. The person has no time to be bored or get into mischief while engaged in the hobby. Finally, some hobbies can lead to a future job. A person who enjoys a hobby-related job is more satisfied with life.

  这段话的topic sentence很明显-“Hobbies are important for many reasons”,之后的支撑句从三方面论述hobby的重要性(first, second, third),但段中这句话"A person can also meet other people by going the school"与hobby重要的原因没有关系,因而削弱了整个阶段的连接性与统一性,应该被去掉。

  接下来咱们再来看看第三条准则:需求用多种方法供给细节打开阶段,相同的,请看以下主体段:

  The Smithsonian Institution is worth visiting for a number of reasons. The Smithsonian Institution comprises various museums that offer something for everyone. ?These museums include the National Museum of History and Technology, the National Aeronautics and Space Museum, the National Collection of Fine Arts, the National Museum of Natural History, and several others. A person can do more than just look at the exhibits. For example,? in the insect zoo at the National Museum of Natural History, anyone who so desires can handle some of the exhibits.

  The museums provide unforgettable experiences. In climbing through the Skylab exhibit at the National Aeronautics and Space Museum, I was able to imagine what it would be like to be an astronaut in space. Movies shown at regular intervals aid in building an appreciation of our world. In the National Aeronautics and Space Museum, there is a theater that has a large screen. When the movie is shown, it gives the viewer the feeling that he or she is in the movie itself, either floating above the Earth in a hot-air balloon or hang gliding over cliffs.

  这是一个成功的主题段,请留意这段话阶段细节打开的几种方法-供给事实、举例、个人经历和描绘。

   结束

  文章结束阶段尽管并不像最初和中心阶段那样重要,但是没有结束的文章是不完整的,不符合根本写作要求。所以考生在考场上必定要在结束处再次声明自己观念, 或许提出新的期望,或许提出解决问题的计划,然后让考官有一种善始善终的杰出印象。假如考生能做到以上几点,那么咱们的作文构思就是比较成功了。

  通过以上辛达代报带来的这种方法,咱们的托福写作高分势在必得。通过这种逻辑性的输出训练,咱们的阅览逻辑感也会有必定的提高。所以,同学们在托福写作备考时必定要多留意操练,构成自己的行文架构,然后取得托福写作的高分。最后,辛达代报预祝广大考生早日实现梦想,飞跃重洋!