写作中各段涉及的表达句式


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  托福写作,思路架构是一方面,言语也是非常重要的一项。但尽管咱们有相对较多的英文输入,但输出的时分却常常堕入瓶颈,不知道怎么表达,更不知道怎么提分的表达。本篇辛达代报就介绍一些托福独立作文中判别类和挑选类写作各段落所触及的表达。我们能够使用这些来操练着写几篇,写完后找出自己薄弱的当地赶紧复习。

  一、判别类

  1、引出

  As is often the case,

  Under many circumstances, / In contemporary society,

  +X/ the issue of X

  /@ is much concerned to a point where a wide discussion has been aroused.

  /@ is much concerned at such a degree that a wide discussion has been aroused.

  /@ is much/ widely discussed to a point where a deep contemplation has been aroused.

  2、争辩部分

  Some people maintain/ hold that it is …that…

  A few people hold the opinion that…

  One point is that…

  One perspective is that…

  One conventional idea/ acceptance / view / notion is that…

  A common belief is that…

  A prevailing notion/ acceptance is that…

  3、表明程度词汇

  to large extent,…

  at large degree,…

  on large scale,

  4、表明情绪

  I agree with this opinion.

  I am on the side of this claim / assumption / assertion

  I stand with this claim.

  I would nod in agreement with this claim.

  I lean toward this claim.

  I disagree with this opinion.

  I am on the opposite side of this claim.

  I stand against this claim.

  I would cast doubt on this claim.

  I would frown on this claim.

  To large extent, I am on the side of this claim.

  To large extent, I am on the opposite side of this claim.

  二、挑选类

  Currently, the issue of X is much concerned to a point where a wide discussion has been aroused.

  1、争辩

  People—personalities + values

  People varying in personalities as well as values tend to look at / observe the same thing / matter/ phenomenon from diversified perspectives.

  +Some people maintain that A is (more) optimum, while others hold that B is (more) sagacious.

  2、基本思路结构内触及的表达

  I reckon that it is A / B that makes more sense.

  (1)让步Concede:客观性—标题观念有点道理

  To begin with, I have to concede that…

  To begin with, I have to admit that…

  To begin with, it is undisputable that…

  First of all, I have to concede that X, at some / certain degree, is/ can…

  限制级让步—防止喧宾夺主

  …, to some / certain extent,…

  …, at some/ certain degree,…

  …, on some/ specific occasions,….

  …, in particular / certain cases, …

  …, under some / particular circumstances,…

  …, theoretically speaking,…

  …, in short-terms,…

  … is/ can somewhat…

  … is/ can relatively…

  (2)宗旨段1:剖析—标题观念/言辞谬误

  # Nevertheless, X is problematic.

  # Nevertheless, the claim is problematic.

  批驳言辞>质疑话题

  #Nevertheless, X/ the assumption that…is not immune to several defects, (which makes this claim / assertion open to question). /

  #Nevertheless, X/ the assumption that… is not immune to several defects, which degrades this claim as problematic / misrepresentative./

  #Nevertheless, the assumption that… is also contaminated with several defects/ irrationalities, which degrades this claim as problematic / misrepresentative.

  (3)宗旨段2: 推理—后果严重,损害巨大

  At last, the influence—negative

  At last, misleading—destructive consequences/disastrous consequences

  At last, the consequences/ misleading of… would be negative / destructive / pernicious.

  At last, the consequences/ misleading that … is expected to bring about would turn out to be destructive.

  Optional 1: 可行性欠佳@ not feasible

  feasible = viable

  --It is not feasible

  the feasibility of … is open to question.

  --It is not viable

  the viability of… is open to question.

  The feasibility/ viability of … is vulnerable to any question or challenge.

  … can hardly be converted from blueprint into reality.

  … can merely rest on the blueprint.

  Optional 2: 功效差@ ineffective

  X is awkward in serving as a key to….

  This proposal / solution/ approach/ X is awkward in serving as a key to….

  Optional 3: 当A>B时,支撑弱者@ B is also significant

  B is of great significance for …

  Great significance for…is closely attached to B

  Optional 4:当标题中X is the …est,质疑“最”@ X is not the …est.

  There is no point to claim that X serves as the best/ ultimate/ the most approved solution / definition.

  Optional 5:因果关系不合理@ No direct relation between A and B

  This claim suffers from a fallacy of causal oversimplification.

  This assumption/ assertion fails to establish a causal relation between A and B.

  最终:

  To sum up,+ Position. +What is more, it is essential for us to …. /…it is time for us to… /…it is imperative for us to…

  All in all, there is no point to claim/ assume/ assert that….

  before offering any proposal. / What is more, it is essential for us to have circumspection before drawing any conclusion.

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