写作中标点符号应用注意事项


辛达代报考位提醒:到2018年04月13官网没有释放考位,在此提醒广大考生抓紧时间报名,如果暂时没有考位的话可以提交给我们代报,广大考生注意考试时间.



  托福写作,你的关注点都在词句运用、语句语法、文章逻辑上,标点符号被忘记在了旮旯,可是你可知道,标点用错了很可能导致扣分,标点符号运用得当却能给文章添色加彩提分数。标点符号用欠好,文章头绪一团糟,语句内外部没有连贯性。下面,辛达代报带大家看看各个标点符号都该怎么使,别再一“。”究竟,也别再满篇,,,啦!

  ,逗点

  1.在并排连词(and, but, for, nor, or, yet )前运用,用来衔接句中的各分句。

  The principal reason for this is that none of them possesses chlorophyll, and since they cannot synthesize their own carbohydrates, they obtain their supplies either from the breakdown of dead organic matter or from other living organisms.

  2.用逗号来分隔一系列单词、词组和从句。

  Furthermore the walls of fungal cells are not made of cellulose, as those of plants are, but of another complex sugar like polymer called chitin, the material from which the hard outer skeletons of shrimps, spiders, and insects are made.

  They are a major cause of structural damage to building timbers, a cause of disease in animals and humans, and one of the greatest causes of agricultural losses.

  3.逗号用来分隔与语句其他部分亲近相连的简略刺进语或旁白。(较长的,更为突兀的或杂乱的刺进成分的则用破折号或圆括号。)

  Chemical fertilization, for example, helps to produce better crops, but is harmful to the environment.

  4.在并排形容词,即别离润饰同一个名词的形容词之间运用逗号,但也有的形容词之间不加逗号的。

  For men, heroism was usually described as bravery and the active, successful over coming of adversity.

  5.用逗号来分隔非限定性润饰语,即该润饰语关于语句的含义并非必不可少。非限定性润饰语与限定性润饰语的差异在于,它即便被省掉,也不会改动语句的首要意思。

  (1) 同位语。

  The canopy, the upper level of the trees in the rain forest, holds a plethora of climbing mammals of moderately large size, which may include monkeys, cats, civets, and porcupines.

  (2) 从句。

  The canopy, the upper level of the trees in the rain forest, holds a plethora of climbing mammals of moderately large size, which may include monkeys, cats, civets, and porcupines.

  6.逗点用于直接引证的语句之前,如Mary said, "Let's go fishing."(假如是引证比较正式的讲话讲话就要用冒号,一般情况下就用逗点。)在反问句之前要运用逗点:He worked very hard, didn't he?

  ’撇号

  1. 用来表明省掉,比方:I’m I’ve I’d

  需求留意的是,will not缩写成won’t,归于一个特别的方式。另一点,更为重要,就是在书面语种,尽量不要运用缩写方式。

  2. 表明所有联系

  表明比方:belongs to, possessed by, owned by, and of

  用撇号表明所属联系是最为简洁方便的(quickest and easiest),这对英语,尤其是美式英语来说非常重要。

  3. 假如是单数以-s完毕的词,所属方式是-‘s,比方:Doris’s。可是假如是以-s完毕的复数,则直接加-‘,例如:parents’。

  “”引号

  1. 用来引证或人说的话或者作者说的话。

  引证是以逗号开始的,而不是冒号。在引证完毕的时分的逗号和句号都放在引号之内。

  引号最初要大写,假如是第二部分引号,除非是新的一句话,不然不需求大写。被引号切割的语句用逗号标志。逗号和句号要置于引号内部。

  2. 用于标出短篇著作的称号

  3. 表明对特别词或词组的引证

  What is the difference between “it's” and “its”?

  4. 单引号用于引号之内的引证

  :冒号

  1.冒号用于对后边内容的介绍或解说,如 This is her plan: go shopping.

  2.冒号用于名单之前,特别是一个竖排的名单。当名单横排的时分,冒号要用在一个完好的语句之后,如We need seven people: three students, three engineers, and a professor.

  3.冒号用于一个正式的引证之前。如 The professor said: “It was horrible.”

  4.冒号也可用于商业或正式信函的称谓后边,如 Dear Mr. Lee:(美国英语中,函件或演说词的称呼语之后用冒号,而在英国英语中多用逗号。)

  5.冒号用于主标题和副标题之间,如 Web Directory: World and Non-U.S. Economic Data

  . 句点

  1.句点用于当一句话彻底完毕时。

  2.句点也能够用于英文单词的缩写,如 Mrs., Dr., P.S. 等。但要留意的是当缩写的字母形成了一个单词的时分就不要运用句点。如 IBM, DNA 等。

  ? 问号

  问号要用在一个直接的问句,而不是直接的。

  如How will you solve the problem? 是正确的用法,但用在 I wonder how you will solve the problem?就不对了,应该运用句点而不是问号。

  别的,在客气的用语中,也是用句点而不是问号.

  如Will you please give me a call tomorrow.

  ;分号

  1.与中文相同,分号用于分隔地位对等的独立子句。在某些情况下,运用分号比运用句点更显出子句之间的紧密联系,别的分号也常常与衔接副词thus, however, therefore一同运用(放在这些词语之前)。如I realize I need exercise; however, I’ll lie down first to think about it.

  2.在语句中假如现已运用过逗点,为了避免歧义的发生,就用分号来分隔类似的内容。如The employees were Tom Hanks, the manager; Jim White, the engineer; and Dr. Jack Lee.

    以上就是辛达代报为同学们带来的文章,期望你们可以获得了自己想要的信息。最后,辛达代报预祝广大考生早日实现梦想,飞跃重洋!