托福写作过程中忘词怎么办


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  在托福写作的时分,信任每个人都有过为难的忘词阅历。想用的那个词就在脑子里,但是就是想不出来,急到满头大汗。咱们先不说什么词汇量厚实不厚实多不多的问题,今日辛达代报就给大家几个救急的办法!

  忘词,是咱们都阅历过的事情,越是想要表达它的时分,就越是找不到适宜词。或许你想说的就在嘴边,但就是忘了怎样拼写了。尤其在各种考试的写作中,词汇量缺乏是影响成果的一个重要因素。一个意思往往因为一个单词不会而表达不清,一个好的句子也会因为一个词汇想不起来而不能完成。

  怎么敷衍这种状况使作文顺利进行下去?下面是三种简便易行的应急措施可能对你会有所协助。

  1.试用抽象词

  英言语语中抽象词有have, take 等,抽象词的重要特点在于含义广泛,调配性强,构成词组后可以替代许多详细动词。尽管不能精确表达一个动作,却能大致表达意思。在一些详细动词写不出来的时分,用这些抽象词替代,也能收到异曲同工的作用。

  例如:我阅历了一个极端艰苦的年代。

  I experienced a terrible hard time.

  这一句中,experience被忘记时,用have替代,成为:I had a terrible hard time. 其作用及表达的含义决不亚于榜首句。这样的比如还许多。

  如:

  Do you understand my meaning, sir? = Do you take my meaning, sir?

  I will preside over the meeting. = I will take the meeting.

  I will subscribe to the local newspaper. = I will take the local newspaper.

  They occupied the city. = They took the city.

  The boy resembles his father. = The boy takes after his father.

  从以上的例句不难看出,详细词音节较多,运用频率不高,简略忘记,而抽象词则否则。因而,在作文应试中,抽象词替代详细词,不失为一种应急良策。

  2.联想有关词汇

  当忘记发生时,或遇到未曾学过的词时,应采纳放射性思想,发挥想象力,想出全部与之有关的单词,运用言语的内在联络,多层次,多角度地运用言语。一般状况下,联想可按下列思路进行:1联想近义词;2联想反义词。

  英言语语中许多的近义词在许多状况下是可以通用的。运用这一规律,因为某个单词受阻而影响全篇写作的状况便不会呈现。试看下列句子:

  I had a nightmare last night. = I had a bad dream last night.

  Nightmare 运用频率不太高,因而不太好记。而其近义词bad dream 却很简略记。以后者替代前者丝毫不影响原句的含义。再比方:

  I don‘t understand this word. 也可以说成 I don’t know this word.

  别的:

  He is stupid. = He is foolish. = He is a fool. = He is silly.

  The food is delicious. = The food is tasty. = The food is nice to eat.

  They discontinued the work at five. = They stopped the work at five.

  His temper is nasty. = His temper is terrible. = He has a bad temper.

  英言语语中词与词之间是有联络的,词与词之间语义的“共核”现象即所谓的近义词。丰厚的近义词给咱们供给了极大的便利。 相同,用其反义词来替代某一忘记了的词也是可行的,请看下面的比如:

  He is stubborn. = He is not tame.

  The knife is blunt. = The knife is not sharp.

  This is expensive. = This is not cheap.

  She is talkative. = She is never quiet.

  3. 试用解释性句子

  言语的功能在于表达,而表达的办法是多种多样的。当一个词影响到可以沟通。英语傍边多功能解释性句子,就可以起到这一作用。请看下面的句子:

  He is a dumb. = He is a person who cannot speak.

  He refused. = He said “no”。

  I’ve never seen such a stubborn person. = I’ve never seen such a person who never listens to other‘s advice.

  解释性句子能协助咱们奇妙地避开一些大词,难词,又能使意思表达流通,不失为一聪明之举。

  比较下面两篇文章:

  (1)Examination is a common headache to students all over the world. They all detest is, but all being domineered by it. It represents a trial; the grade its verdict. Nowadays, examination has become a popular form of testing. It almost can dominate one‘s future. I am not exaggerating; for you all know it is true. If we want to obtain a diploma, we must first pass the exams. If we do not have a diploma, we may not find a job easily. That is the reason why all students are nervous and pale when they are sitting for an important examination which may concern their future. But as long as examination is on its peak of power, we must be philosophical of it. Do not always think of the harm that it brings, but think of the good it may do to us. If we do not have exams, we may indulge ourselves in other things instead of books. Exams have to always drive us on. What is wrong for learning more and thoroughly?

  (2)Examination is a common headache to students all over the world. They all dislike it (hate it), but all being ruled by it. It is a trial; the grade its decision. Nowadays, examination has become a popular form of testing. It almost can control one‘s future. I am telling the truth, for you all know it is true. If we want to get a graduation paper, we may not find a job easily. That is the reason why all students are nervous and pale when they are sitting for an important examination which may have something to do with their future. But as long as examination is on its highest point of power, we must have a calm attitude to it. Do not always think of the harm that it brings, but think of the good it may do to us. If we do not have exams, we may spend our time on other things instead of books. Exams have to always drive us on. What is wrong for learning more and deeply?

  比较两篇文章,榜首篇短小精干,用词精确,不失为一篇优异作文。而第二篇全篇选用最普通的词汇,意思相同清楚,也不失得当,流通。

  作文的评分标准一般侧重于能清楚地表达含义,阶段,层次有系统性,语法正确,而并不过火强调用词的精确度。因而作文应试的办法应该是方便、清楚、流通。所以,就考试而言,碰到难词或忘记词时,过火地把时刻花在“钻牛角尖”上是不明智的,而应该采纳灵活的思想办法、迂回的战术,运用简略、易记的词汇及表达办法,然后可以运用有限的词汇作出美好的文章,轻松自如地驾御言语,把握机遇,以聪明战胜缺点,以机敏灵活战胜学究式的笨拙,以少胜多,最大限度地发挥自己的潜能。

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