托福写作:Highways or public transportation?


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Topic:Highways or public transportation?

Should governments spend more money on improving roads and highways, or should governments spend more money on improving public transportation (buses, trains, subways)? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.

参考分析:

资金运用的基本原则a higher input-output ratio is desirable。政府也需要盈利,高速公路,是有盈利的。并且有利于促进经济繁荣,进一步增加税收。公共交通,是政府开销。但是市政府的职责。结合我国情况选择立场。比如:可以认为目前要大力发展高速公路,而其收入可以用来开发公共交通。

范文:

应当改善交通:

(1)大多数人都需要并没有私人汽车,他们需要公共交通,所以要符合大多数人的需要;

(2)公共交通能够保护环境,改善公共交通能够吸引更多人坐工车,对环境有保护作用;

(3)公共交通能够带来更多人的就业,能够更好的促进经济的发展。

In this modern society, governments always confront(遭遇困境)the dilemma whether spending more money on improving roads and highways or on improving public transportation. This problem is a much-debated one in that it affects everybody in his or her daily life. Personally speaking, I would be one of those who argue that governments should spend more money on improving public transportation.(公共交通肯定是政府投入的重中之重)

Though it is quite rational(合理的)for average people to choose roads and highways because of the obvious reason that a better road condition could suspend more vehicles and accelerate the speed of them. A close scrutiny of the potential benefits of choosing roads and highways would reveal how flimsy it is to stick to the propensity. A better road condition would bring with it more vehicles, thus a much more crowded traffic. Have you ever been caught in atraffic jam? Then how could just spending more money on improving roads and highways do?(本段是让步段,明确指出投入建设高速公路的好处,但结尾时作者连续抛出两个问题,交通拥堵遇到过吗?它是否跟更多地投钱到高速公路上有关系呢?这两句是过渡句,说明要接下一段反对的论据了)

Besides, putting the discussion in a wider context, a further reason why I advocate the later lies in the fact that improvement of road condition would stimulate more people to use cars and hence more energy would be used and more pollution would be exposed(被暴露). This would be the last thing that everyone would like to see. But if we choose to improve public transportation, a quite different result could be. This can be demonstrated by the undeniable fact of our city. We have greatly improved the bus network and reduced the parking places since several years ago. Now more and more people shift from cars to buses and other public transportation, and an azure (蔚蓝的天空)sky can be highly savored again.(改善公共交通与保护环境息息相关)

Finally, frankly speaking, there is also a more practical reason why I choose to improve public transportations. Public transportation encourages a sense of community. People who travel to work together all the time get to know each other better while cars isolate us from neighbors. An improvement in public transportation would make it fit more people's schedules and more people would choose to take public transportation to enjoy communicating with each other.(作者继续跟进了第二个理由,公共交通可以让人民更多地交往相处,这个理由有些牵强,不过表达的没有问题,也可以算是理由,只不过不是最重要的。)

When taking into account all these merits and drawbacks I have numerated, we may safely arrived at the conclusion that we should put more money and concerns more about public transportation. We would experience more convenience when traveling as well as an appreciable nature environment.

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