阅读长难句的解析


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  托福阅览中的长难句对许多同学来说都是实打实的难点。托福阅览长难句需求词汇上的预备和语法上的预备,相对来说,许多同学的语法预备缺乏,导致了托福难句难以了解,无法断定语句内容和指代联系,终究形成托福失分。那么托福阅览难句怎么处理呢?

  面临难句,必须迅速掌握其骨干和要点,下面总结了托福中的难句类型。

  1、定语(包含后置定语与定语从句)

  2、同位语

  3、并列结构

  4、that引导的各种从句

  5、插入结构

  6、独立主格

  7、倒装句

  8、着重句

  9、虚拟语气

  ? 关于不同类型的难句,掌握骨干的办法也不一样。以倒装句为例,主要有下列状况:

  1、方位副词放在句首

  Herein lay the beginning of what ultimately turned from ignorance to denial of the value of nutritional therapies in medicine。

  2、介词放在句首

  Among the species of seabirds that use the windswept cliffs of the Atlantic coast of Canada in the summer to mate, lay eggs, and rear their young are common murres, Atlantic puffins, black-legged kittiwakes, and northern gannets。

  3、形容词放在句首

  Implicit in it is an aesthetic principle as well: that the medium has certain qualities of beauty and expressiveness with which sculptors must bring own aesthetic sensibilities into harmony。

  4、过去分词放在句首

  Accustomed though we are to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”, the film has never been, in the full sense of the word, silent。

  5、现在分词放在句首

  Missing until recently were fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans。

  ? 语句倒装的意图主要有两个:

  一是被提早的部分被着重,如上述的第四句:Accustomed though we are to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”,其中的accustomed依照正常语序应该放在are之后:Though we are accustomed to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”。之所以将accustomed提早,是为了着重它。

  二是为了语句的平衡,否则将导致虎头蛇尾的作用,如上述的第一句、第三句和第五句。以第五句为例,依照正常语序应该是:Fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans were missing until recently。可是这种语句结构比较糟糕,由于主语及其修饰语过长(从句首直到cetaceans),而谓语部分were missing until recently较短,简单形成虎头蛇尾的作用。第五句将missing提早,避免了这一现象。

  以上就是辛达代报带来的托福中的难句类型,我们要想进步自己的托福阅览速度,托福难句是一定要攻克。最后,辛达代报预祝广大考生早日实现梦想,飞跃重洋!