阅读细节题的解题方法


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   托福考试中假如说哪项算是最简略的,可能许多同学都会说是阅览。备考阶段同样最简略被忽视的也是阅览。咱们都会感觉阅览是自己的强项,关于强项无需过多的注重。可是这种认知不一定准确。托福阅览想取得高分并不简略。

  ETS对阅览高水平(High level)的评定标准是22—30分。而现实上,阅览假如达不到25分以上,总分想要过百会比较困难。那么托福阅览怎么提高,防止错题呢?首要,在回归原文的那类标题中,咱们极力不要失分。

  这儿就要说道托福阅览的文章细节考察题。问法:According to the passage, what/ which/ why/ when?

  回答文章细节考察题,咱们一般都能够回到原文中去做定位,找到相近或类似的内容,进而得出答案。常见的定位有以下3种:

  (1)标题自身给出定位。

  (2)至少先可作出一个阶段的定位。

  (3)方位多夹于前后两题方位之间。

  在这个特别的考试时间段内,咱们的记忆比了解更为重要,在解题的时分一定要彻底忠实于原文,切忌私自做出任何的主观臆断。在做题过程方面,咱们能够先简读原文(主要是各个阶段的榜首,二句话),然后阅览标题,最终观察选项做出判别。值得咱们特别注意的是,咱们在做出判别的时分,切忌不要挑选在选项中存在比较,而在原文中没有明确表示过的项目;切忌不要去挑选那些说法过于绝对化的选项。

  那么,细节题怎么定位咱们用一个例题来详细说:

  Two species of deer have been prevalent in the Puget Sound area of Washington State in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. The black-tailed deer, a lowland, west-side cousin of the mule deer of eastern Washington, is now the most common. The other species, the Columbian white-tailed deer, in earlier times was common in the open prairie country, it is now restricted to the low, marshy islands and flood plains along the lower Columbia River.

  According to paragraph 1, which of the following is true of the white-tailed deer of Puget Sound?

  A. It is native to lowlands and marshes.

  B. It is more closely related to the mule deer of eastern Washington than to other types of deer.

  C. It has replaced the black-tailed deer in the open prairie.

  D. It no longer lives in a particular type of habitat that it once occupied.

  这是一个典型的细节题,在该题题干中,有的考生会挑选Puget Sound作为关键词回原文定位,由于它是专有名词,在文中会比较显眼。可是假如一旦挑选了这个地名,势必会定位在该段的榜首句话,托福细节题往往是定位在哪句就在哪句找答案,这样的话考生是选不出正确答案的,由于定位不准确。其实正确的关键词应该是white-tailed deer,这个用连字符衔接的词在文章中也是比较夺目的,按该词定位应是该段最终一句话。所以依据它的意思应该选D项。其间A项与原句意思不符,B和C都与定位句信息无关。咱们再来看别的一个否定现实细节题的例子:

  Plant communities assemble themselves flexibly, and their structure depends on the particular history of the area. Ecologists use the term “succession” to refer to the changes that happen in plant communities and ecosystems over time. The first community in a succession is called a pioneer community, while the long-lived community at the end of succession is called a climax community. Pioneer and successional plant communities are said to change over periods from 1 to 500 years. These changes—in plant numbers and the mix of species—are cumulative. Climax communities themselves change but over periods of time greater than about 500 years.

  According to paragraph 1, which of the following is NOT true of climax communities?

  A. They occur at the end of a succession.

  B. They last longer than any other type of community.

  C. The numbers of plants in them and the mix of species do not change

  D. They remain stable for at least 500 years at a time.

  这个题咱们都会挑选用climax communities去定位,但在定位过程中会呈现许多问题。首要考生要学会跳跃式定位,即依据文章中特别的标点符号以及最夺目的词来查找咱们真正需求的关键词。文中的particular是加了暗影的,succession是在引号里边的,都十分夺目,经过看这两个词咱们会发现它们邻近没有咱们需求的东西;再比较突出的就是数字及破折号,在500的上方有a climax community,但它是奇数,与题干关键词不彻底匹配,细节题讲究的是准确定位,所以咱们应该挑选500斜下方的Climax communities,即该段的最终一句话。

  否定现实细节题的命题思路有两种:一是无中生有,即依据定位点的内容,四个选项只要一个没有说到,这种思路多适用于选项比较简略的标题;二是破绽百出,即依据定位点的内容表述,只要一个选项与之矛盾,这种思路多适应于选项比较长的标题。就这个例题而言,依据定位的最终一句话,从表述上来说跟它相关的只要C和D两个选项,D项的意思与原句相符,而C项与原句矛盾,所以正确答案是C。综上所述,做新托福阅览的细节题,最重要的一点就是要尽量地去准确定位。

  以上是辛达代报带来的托福阅览中细节标题回归原文的办法。这类标题一定要防止过错才干取得高分哦!最后,辛达代报预祝广大考生早日实现梦想,飞跃重洋!