阅读词意推断


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  托福词背了一堆,可总有几率在阅读中、在词汇题中碰见自己没记住/没见过的那个。怎样将“命绝于此”转为“命中注定”?在有幸知道的时分又该怎么选出正确选项呢?

  一、使用文中头绪猜想

  1、依据同义、反义联系猜词

  假设该词前或后呈现的内容提示它们是反义联系。(表明相反概念的词语如下rather than,instead,unlike,contrast,on the contrary.)

  例如:

  the main conflict in the novel is between a mother who places a highvalue on hard work and honor and a son who repudiates his mother's valuesinstead preferring the easier path to fortune and celebrity

  the word repudiates in the passage in closest in meaning to __

  A、refuses to accept B、lives up to C、tries to understand D、makes the best of

  假设repudiates咱们不知道,从后边的小词 instead 这个词断定儿子和妈妈价值观念是相反的,由此信息看四个选项,你会发现只要A选项带有否定的意味

  2、依据句意或阶段文章的上、下文猜想

  (1)、后边的语句或短词单词在解说前面的词。(常见的标志词:contribute to,be responsible for,account for,since ,therefore ,for,because,in which等)

  his big break came with the novel so big(1924) ,which wasawarded the pulitzer in literature.

  the word break in this sentence could best be replaced by ___

  A、rupture B、revelation C、opportunity D、rest

  which was awarded the pulitzer in literature告诉咱们必定考查的是正情绪,所以答案不可能是AD,所以应该选C、opportunity 是一种有利的状况或适宜的机遇。

  (2)后边的和此词为并排联系。(并排联系词如下:and not only ..but also as…as and both … andeither… or neither… nor.)

  那就讲的一个意思的,你懂的。

  二、使用构词法揣度

  1、用前、后缀猜想词义

  英语中的前缀、后缀构词颇多,且特定的缀往往表明特定的含义,把握住这一点,可起到以不变应万变的作用。

  举个例子:

  He had been overworking and fellill at last.

  解析:overwork是由前缀over-加动词构成,over有“超越、过于”之意,overwork意思是“作业过多,劳累过度”。再如,overburden负担过重,overcharge要价过高,overdo做得过火。

  常见前缀还有:

  mis-过错:misfortune不幸;mislead误导;mismanage处理不妥

  mid-中心:midnight深夜;midway半路

  under-低于:underdone半生不熟的;underestimate轻视

  anti-对立:antibody抗体;anticyclone反气旋;antifreeze防冻剂

  下面划线单词为常见后缀派生词:

  You must stop dreaming andface reality.(-ty为名词的标志)

  The country is tryingto popularize education. (-ize为及物动词的标志,再如realize, modernize)

  2、使用合成词猜想

  Family members take turns choosing aspecial activity for the evening, and everyone partakes in for fun.

  解析:依据短语构成及上下文意思看,此处partakes in相当于takes part in。再如break out-outbreak(名词迸发),set out-outset(名词开始),come in-income(名词收入) 。

  3、使用词性来揣度

  比方,是形容词润饰名词联系;动宾联系,看看宾语能否受动词分配,或从动词短语搭配去断定等。总体说单词的词性、宣布者(是人,是物),保持一致的最对。

  In the past,whole cities grew from the arduoustask of cutting andpilingstone upon. Some of the world’s finest stonearchitecturecan be seen in theruins of the ancient Inca city of Machu Picchu high in theeastern Andes Mountains of Peru.

  猜词是保证不了彻底准了,依据意思,这道题扫除BD,剩余AC很是纠结,可是看task自身,skilled task这种说法小古怪,一般是skilled workers,所以选A

  The word “arduous” in the passage is closest inmeaning to

  A、Difficult B、Necessary C、Skilled D、Shared

  从ETS出题的视点考虑,一般从前后能揣度出来的,四个选项可能意思都不同,自己了解着选即可。

  三、代入文中来揣度

  这种办法相当于满有把握的万金油了。不管你遇到什么情况,把四个选项带入到原文中看是否语义通畅契合逻辑。是个正确率比较高的办法。咱们来看个例题。

  the deserts, which already occupy approximately a forth of theearth's land surface, have in recent decades been increasingly at an alarmingpace. the expansion of desert--like conditions into areas where they did notpreviously exist is called desertification. it has been estimated that anadditional one-fourth of the earth's land surface is threatened by this process。

  the word threatened in the passage is closet in meaning to ----

  A、restricted B、endangered C、prevented D、rejected。

  这道标题问的是threatened这个单词的意思。大部分背了单词的同学都知道是要挟的意思,很简单的就可以挑选b答案。可是假设你不知道这个单词呢,咱们来看下单词所在这个语句,“估量别的的四分之一的土地被这种进程所-------。”那么这个进程讲的就是前面所说到的沙漠化的进程。咱们来看下四个选项,A受限制的, B被要挟的,C被阻挠的,D被回绝的。把这四个单词带入的话,咱们得出b 被要挟的这个选项是最适宜的。

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