阅读推论题提分技巧


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  托福阅览推论题需求学生依据原文信息进行合理估测,找出契合题意的选项。推论题正确率往往不高,所以辛达代报为我们整理了题型技巧,期望对我们有协助。

  托福阅览推论题每篇文章中呈现1-2次,考察学生关于文章中强烈建议但是没有明说的观念的了解程度。相关于托福阅览细节题,学生需求对文章内容有更明晰地把握,才干答对这类标题。判别标题类型的办法是看到题干中呈现infer, imply , most likely (least likely) 或probably 等词语。托福阅览推论题常见问法:

  Paragraph 2 suggests which of the following about X?

  Which of the following can be inferred from paragraph 2 about X?

  According to paragraph 3, what do Y indicate about X?

  According to paragraph 4, what does the author imply about X?

  托福阅览推论题的三种类型

  1、一般比照推理

  在文章中介绍事物1的特征,并给出了事物1、2的特征比照,然后问事物2的特征,回答标题时只要将事物1的特征否定掉就能够。

  2、时刻比照推理

  在这种推理中,一般有两个构成比照的时刻段,它们所具有的特征一般相反。当题干问一个时刻段的特征时,只要将与之相反的时刻段的特征否定掉就能够了。

  3、调集概念推理

  一个大的调集的两个方面构成比照,两者之间存在着互补性关系,也就是一个的增加意味着另一个的削减。反之,相同。

  回答托福阅览推论题的一般办法

  遇到这类题型,学生先不要盲目看选项,而要有个大致的解题思路。题干中一般给出关键词A,学生依据标题呈现位置对应到段落,找到关键词地点语句;然后依据内容依据以上阐明判别标题属于三种推理类型的哪一种;最终依据类型对应的解题办法答题。

  托福阅览推论题例题剖析

  例题1:Which of the following can be inferred from paragraph 1 about early sea otters?

  A. It is not difficult to imagine what they looked like.

  B. There were great numbers of them.

  C. They lived in the sea only.

  D. They did not leave many fossil remains.

  原文1:It should be obvious that cetaceans, whales, porpoises, and dolphins are mammals. They breathe through lungs, not through gills, and give birth to live young. Their streamlined bodies, the absence of hind legs, and the presence of a fluke and blowhole cannot disguise their affinities with land-dwelling mammals. However, unlike the cases of sea otters and pinnipeds (seals, sea lions, and walruses whose limbs are functional both on land and at sea), it is not easy to envision what the first whales looked like.

  标题解析:early sea otters是题干关键词,回到原文的语句:However, unlike the cases of sea otters and pinnipeds ...从这里能够看出原文存在的比照,两边是sea otters and pinnipeds与“They”(即 cetaceans, whales, porpoises, and dolphins),属于第一种推理类型。从内容看“They”的特点是“not easy to envision what the first whales looked like”,所以估测sea otters——“easy to envision what the first whales looked like”,正好是A选项。

  例题2:What can be inferred from paragraph 1 about western farmers prior to 1815?

  A. They had limited their crop production to wheat, corn, tobacco and cotton.

  B. They were able to sell their produce at high prices

  C. They had not been successful in raising cattle.

  D. They did not operate in a national market economy.

  原文2:The story of the westward movement of population in the US is, in the main, the story of the expansion of American agriculture of the development of new areas for the raising of livestock and the cultivation of wheat, corn, tobacco, and cotton. After 1815, improved transportation enabled more and more western farmers to escape a self-sufficient way of life and enter a national market economy during periods when commodity prices were high, the rate of westward migration increased spectacularly.

  标题解析:依据题干关键词western farmers prior to 1815定位(要点关注时代),能够看到关于“After 1815”的信息,这里就能够猜测解题用到时刻比照。只要把1815年之后的内容看懂了,而且在这个内容前面加not即可。文中说到,改进的交通使得越来越多的西部农人摆脱了自给自足的日子,而且进入了国家性的市场经济,那个时候货品的价格许多,所以向西搬迁的速率也大幅增加。所以选项D是正确的。

  托福阅览推论题难度不大,关键在于了解并把握答题办法。我们能够对这类题型进行专门练习,信任之后不会在这类题型上失分。

    以上就是辛达代报为同学们带来的文章,期望你们可以获得了自己想要的信息。最后,辛达代报预祝广大考生早日实现梦想,飞跃重洋!