阅读备考精读训练技巧


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  托福阅览精读练习合适备考时刻足够的学生,在托福阅览备考中经过精读资料来提高词汇量,进步长难句剖析才能,提高阅览速度。辛达代报为我们带来托福阅览精读练习技巧,期望对我们有协助。

  托福阅览精读资料的选择

  最合适进行托福阅览精读的资料是TPO,托福阅览TPO是托福考试模拟题,是最接近实在考题的文章类型。更重要的是精读这种逻辑谨慎、有权威性的文章意义更大。

  除了TPO,托福阅览资料还可所以来自OG的文章;一些模考软件中的文章,如Delta、Kaplan、Barron等;老托福阅览中篇幅较短的文章,老托福阅览100篇。

  备考时刻在半年以上,且英语阅览根底不错的学生也能够找些愈加广泛的英文资料,推荐《时代周刊》,它的报导规模广泛,涵盖国内国际新闻,商业,教育,科学,医学,法律,体育等各个方面,与托福阅览文章体裁有相似之处,能够从阅览中堆集到一些布景常识。《国家地理》,文章难度大一些,学术词较多,学生能够选取感兴趣的内容精读。

  托福阅览精读练习方法

  关于一篇资料,首要从头到尾读一遍,遇到生词时考虑猜测意义并进行标示,留到读完之后查词典,收拾词汇。读完一遍,水平较高的学生对文章有一个思路,能够把思路写下来,把宗旨、关键内容进行标记;水平较差的学生可能问题很多,读完都不知道文章在说什么,这时候能够参阅译文,一个语句一个语句地过。

  在收拾词汇时,只需先记住文章中词汇意义即可。不论是什么水平的学生,关于没有读懂的语句,都要拆分来弄清楚骨干、润饰,类型。借助语法常识点来剖析语句。在进程中把不熟悉的常识点温习一遍,记下语句的类型,关于一些好的句型也能够记下来之后能够用到写作中。

  当文章中词、句都能读懂时,文章内容是清楚的,可是逻辑上还很乱,这时就应该开端分阶段再读一遍,读每个阶段时,总结出阶段宗旨,找到相应的宗旨句。明确阶段中的细节如比如、解说等内容。

  经过阶段,能够总结出文章宗旨,并剖析得出文章的类型,结构。如此一篇文章的精读进程才算完毕。

  以一段托福阅览资料为例,经过精读我们能够堆集到哪些内容?

  Geologists have long known that the Earth's mantle is heterogeneous, but its spatial arrangement remains unresolved—is the mantle essentially layered or irregularly heterogeneous? The best evidence for the layered-mantle thesis is the well-established fact that volcanic rocks found on oceanic islands, islands believed to result from mantle plumes arising from the lower mantle,are composed of material fundamentally different from that of the midocean ridge system, whose source, most geologists contend, is the upper mantle.Some geologists, however, on the basis of observations concerning mantle xenoliths, argue that the mantle is not layered, but that heterogeneity is created by fluids rich in "incompatible elements" (elements tending toward liquid rather than solid state) percolating upward and transforming portions of the upper mantle irregularly, according to the vagaries of the fluids' pathways. We believe, perhaps unimaginatively, that this debate can be resolved through further study, and that the underexplored midocean ridge system is the key.

  一、托福阅览资料词汇收拾

  spatial: a.1.空间的,太空的;2.存在(或许发作)于宇宙空间的

  plume: n.1.羽状物2.柱,地柱

  xenolith:俘虏岩

  percolate:v.1.浸透2.扩散到,充满于

  portions: n.一部分

  二、托福阅览资料中长难句剖析

  1.the best evidence for the layered-mantle thesis is the well-established fact that volcanic rocks found on oceanic islands,islands believed to result from mantle plumes arising from the lower mantle,are composed of material fundamentally different from that of the mid-ocean ridge system, whose source,most geologists contend,is the upper mantle.

  关于地幔分层观点来说,最好的根据乃这样一个承认的现实,即在那些海洋岛屿——这些岛屿据信是源于由基层地幔升上来的地幔柱状溶岩流(mantle plume)——上发现的火山岩石,是由与海洋中部山脊体系的物质根本不同的物质构成的,而这一海洋中部山脊体系的成因,大多数地质学家论辩道,为上部地幔。

  难句类型:杂乱润饰、插入语

  解说:本句前面的骨干并不算难,即the evidence is the fact that,难就难在fact之后阐明fact 的同位语从句。此从句中既有大段插入语,又有从句,较为难读。同位语从句的主语是volcanic rocks,主语后边的found on oceanic islands是分词润饰volcanic rocks的;islands后边又有一个阐明islands的同位语islands believed to result from mantle plumes arising from the lower mantle,此同位语实践起到一个分隔主谓的同位语的效果。这以后是谓语动词are composed/of fundamentally different from that of the midocean ridge system, whose source, most geologists contend, is the upper mantle。

  句中有一些专有词汇。假如抛开文章不说,单看这一个语句,则句首的layered mantle thesis就难以了解。可是假如读者能够读懂语句的大致意思,看到layered mantle thesisr最有力根据就是其资料fundamentally different from… the upper mantle,这应该能够推测出,已然不同于上层地幔,则这个理论一定是在说地幔有不同的层面。

  2. some geologists,however,on the basis of observations concerning mantle xenoliths, argue that the mantle is not layered,but that heterogeneity is created by fluids rich in "incompatible elements" (elements tending toward liquid rather than solid state)percolating upward and transforming portions of the upper mantle irregularly,according to the vagaries of the fluids’ pathways. (4+)

  可是,某些地质学家,以对地幔捕虏岩体(xenolith)所作的调查为根据,指出地幔并非是分层摆放的,相反,地幔的异质性是由那些富含“不相容成分”的流质构成的,这些成分趋向于流体而非固体的状况,自下而上浸透扩散,并按照这些流质流向的恣意性,不规则地将上部地幔的某些部分予以改动。

  难句类型:杂乱润饰、插入语

  解说:本句的主句中有一个长插入语however,on the basis of observations concerning mantle xenoliths,割裂了主谓,但语句的首要难度仍是在that引导的宾语从句中,从句中有由but 所衔接的两个语句,一同延续到句末。首选是rich in incompatible elements润饰fluids;后边又有一个同位语和一个分词结构,都是润饰incompatible elements的,最终还有一个状语来润饰那个分词结构,层层润饰,比较杂乱。

  三、托福阅览资料结构剖析

  榜首句是宗旨句,因而这一篇短文章是结论解说型。文章开端说出了地幔是heterogeneous,然后又指出了他的spatial arrangement remains unresolved,然后提出了两种理论,一是layyered-mantle thesis,别的一个是irregularly heterogeneous.然后分别对这两种理论进行describe.最终作者指出,We believe,perhaps unimaginatively, that this debate can be resolved through further study, and that the underexplored midocean ridge system is the key.

  托福阅览精读是耗时的,每天剖析一篇文章也足够了,所以不要急于求成。要注意在精读进程之后对词汇、句型等内容进行温习。而文章剖析才能是耳濡目染学到的。

    以上就是辛达代报为同学们带来的文章,期望你们可以获得了自己想要的信息。最后,辛达代报预祝广大考生早日实现梦想,飞跃重洋!