例解如何利用逻辑解答托福阅读句子插入题


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  托福阅览语句刺进题是托福阅览必考的一类题型,一般呈现在倒数第二题的方位。这个托福阅览题型的解题办法单一,是不应该丢分的。辛达代报经过详细的标题例子为我们带来使用逻辑联系回答这类题型的办法,期望对我们有所协助。

  这个题型能够用逻辑解题的依据在于标题的考点。托福阅览语句刺进题调查学生关于文章内容相关以及语句间联系,一些显着的语句联系就是经过逻辑联系词(显性的和隐性的)来表现出来的。比方cause, reason,because, because of等因果联系逻辑词。

?  怎样使用逻辑联系来解题呢?以标题为例(来自TPO27 Predator-Prey Cycles):

  原阶段:Predators are an essential factor in maintaining communities that are rich and diverse in species. Without predators, the species that is the best competitor for food, shelter, nesting sites, and other environmental resources tends to dominate and exclude the species with which it competes. This phenomenon is known as “competitor exclusion”. However, if the community contains a predator of the strongest competitor species, then the population of that competitor is controlled.Thus even the less competitive species are able to survive. For example, sea stars prey on a variety of bivalve mollusks and prevent these bivalves from monopolizing habitats on the sea floor. This opens up space for many other organisms. When sea stars are removed, species diversity falls sharply. Therefore, from the stand point of diversity, it is usually a mistake to eliminate a major predator from a community.

  待刺进句:As a result, there are not enough of the strong competitions to monopolize the environment’s resources.

  逻辑解题办法剖析:单看待刺进语句,语句中的as a result是表明因果联系的逻辑词,引出成果性质的内容-最强势的竞争者不能独占资源。所以前面内容必定是原因。对原文内容进行剖析,没有显着的表明原因的逻辑,可是在刺进方位三后边呈现的thus是一个表明成果的逻辑信号词,检查刺进方位三前后的内容,在意思上也是适宜的,thus是表明对成果的进一步阐明。所以挑选第三个方位。q

  关于托福阅览语句刺进题的逻辑解题办法值得阐明的有两点:

  1.经过TPO阅览标题全体看来,能够使用逻辑解题的标题比较多。逻辑联系词并不必定呈现在待刺进语句中,可是会呈现在阶段中成为解题的要害。

  2.使用逻辑解题时,除了重视逻辑词之外,必定要注意语义相关,比方以上阶段中for example的呈现很大程度上意味着前后的联系是紧密的,不容刺进语句的,这些语义相关是解题的辅佐信息。还要重视语句中呈现的指示代词。

  以上就是辛达代报为我们带来的托福阅览语句刺进题逻辑解题的介绍。要想把握这类标题的解题办法,我们仍是要多操练,多总结。最后,辛达代报预祝广大考生早日实现梦想,飞跃重洋!