抓住阅读段落的关键词!


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  托福考试阅览部分一篇文章一般较长,所以一般是以阶段为单位的。高效托福阅览必定不是通段阅览,所以阶段阅览是有技巧的。下面和辛达代报一起来看看托福阅览阶段阅览抓关键词的相关办法!

  要读懂一个阶段咱们只需求捉住几个关键词罢了。那么关键词怎样抓呢?一是看逻辑信号词;二是读语句的时分必定牢记只看骨干!下面辛达代报就以托福TPO25中的文章The Decline of Venetian Shipping为例,说说如何巧抓关键词。

  TPO25-2 The Decline of Venetian Shipping:

  Paragraph 2 This decline can be seen clearly in the changes that affected Venetian shipping and trade. First, Venic’s intermediary functions in the Adriatic Sea, where it had dominated the business of shipping for other parties, were lost to direct trading. In the fifteenth century there was little problem recruiting sailors to row the galleys (large ships propelled by oars): guilds (business associations) were required to provide rowers, and through a draft system free citizens served compulsorily when called for. In the early sixteenth century the shortage of rowers was not serious because the demand for galleys was limited by a move to round ships (round-hulled ships with more cargo space), with required fewer rowers. But the shortage of crews proved to be a greater and greater problem, despite continuous appeal to Venic’s tradition of maritime greatness. Even though sailors’ wages doubled among the northern Italian cities from 1550 to 1590, this did not elicit an increased supply.

  以上算得上是托福阅览中较长的阶段了,在快速阅览这个阶段的时分咱们要找的关键词是:逻辑信号词—如阶段中所标明的first, but, this… 咱们不难发现这些信号词地点的语句基本都是解题的信息点。那么在做题定位时无妨多加留心。当然,捉住这些关键词并不难,难在了解。

  接下来咱们就来看看了解这些语句时的关键词。每段话的首句是必定要读的。This decline can be seen clearly in the changes that affected Venetian shipping and trade。这是包含了一个定语从句的杂乱句。先看到中心词changes,再看到Venetian shipping and trade。这篇文章接下来具体要写的内容就展露无遗,也就是威尼斯船业和交易的变迁。

  First,这当然是开端写shipping的标志了。Venice’s intermediary functions in the Adriatic Sea, where it had dominated the business of shipping for other parties, were lost to direct trading. 咱们一向着重语句要读骨干,那么简略地看这个语句就是Venice’s functions were lost, 中心词很显然是lost,也对应了整篇文章的主题 decline. 接下来两句写到了15和16世纪遇到的船员难招的问题。…there was little problem recruiting sailors to row the galleys (large ships propelled by oars): guilds (business associations) were required to provide rowers, and through a draft system free citizens served compulsorily when called for. 这句话中有冒号的呈现,阅览冒号之前的内容there was little problem;到下一句:the shortage of rowers was not serious because the demand for galleys was limited by a move to round ships (round-hulled ships with more cargo space), with required fewer rowers. 这句中要看到的中心是not serious;再往后看到But….to be a greater and greater problem. 到这儿意思应该现已一望而知了,就是讲威尼斯船业在招聘船员方面所遭受的变迁:little problem—not serious —greater problem.

  方才咱们讲了文章阅览部分要抓关键词,其实咱们在阅览标题和选项时也是需求寻觅关键词的。有些标题的选项是比较长的,四个选项看上去也差不多一段话了,所以必定要捉住关键词判别才行,如否定词、比较词和并列词。这些是快速阅览选项的第一步。再次也要看到题干和每个选项中能让咱们快速定位到原文的关键词。咱们仍是以托福TPO25为例:

  TPO25-1 The Surface of Mars

  Paragraph 5 As on the Moon, the extent of large impact cratering (i.e. craters too big to have been filled in by erosion since they were formed) serves as an age indicator for the Martian surface. Age estimates ranging from four billion years for Mars’s southern highlands to a few hundred million years in the youngest volcanic areas were obtained in this way。

  According to paragraph 5, what have scientists been able to determine from studies of large impact cratering on Mars?

  A. Some Martian volcanoes are much older than was once thought。

  B. The age of Mars’s surface can vary from area to area。

  C. Large impact craters are not reliable indicators of age in areas with high volcanic activity。

  D. Some areas of the Martian surface appear to be older than they actually are。

  划出选项中的关键词后,定位到原文敏捷阅览发现原文中并无如A和D选项中的比较,C中的否定词not和原文是显着相对立的,故而选择B,而B选项对应的恰好是本段末句:Age estimates ranging from four billion years for Mars’s southern highlands to a few hundred million years in the youngest volcanic areas were obtained in this way。

  依据以上剖析,咱们应该理解在阅览之时何为关键词。简略地讲有定位关键词和判别关键词。定位关键词包含题干及选项中的名词,还有就是阶段中那些一向向你示好的逻辑信号词了,不要忘记用它们找到你解题需求的信息。判别关键词是选项中那些有特征的词汇,包含否定词,比较词或者是语句骨干中的动词等,依据这些词和原文进行对应,至少有一半的选项能够敏捷被扫除。

  以上就是辛达代报为我们整理的关于托福阅览关键词的相关信息,我们在备考的时分能够进行参阅。托福阅览难度比较大的,我们在备考的时分需求花费必定的时刻和精力进行备考,我们把握一些托福阅览技巧仍是很有必要的。最后,辛达代报预祝广大考生早日实现梦想,飞跃重洋!