雅思写作真题和解析-2009.1.10


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2009年1月10日雅思写作考试

A类

小作文:柱状图

Percentage of female managers in three different levels between 1990 t0 2005. 

大作文:科技的发展促进了贫富分化还是缩小了贫富分化

Some people think that the ranges of technology available to individual’s increase the gap between rich people and poor people, the others think the opposite effects. Discuss both sides, and give you own opinion.

分析:技术类的题目可以从三个方面去考虑:便利,享受和速度。其次是gap的理解,我们可以把它理解为生活水平和拥有的财富状态。正方可以从财富积累的速度来说,说明技术使得很多富人的财富通过技术的发展而急剧上升,例如股票市场,例如移动通信,都是由于技术的进步才得以进步,造就了很多超级富翁;另一方面,穷人和富人的生活在很多方面也趋于接近,现代的穷富再也不是绝对的生存问题,而是生活状态的问题,很多以前只有富人享有的东西现在穷人也可以享有。结论,差距要看那方面,不能只是说简单的gap。

具体思路:

第一段:讲背景,引述双方观点,带出讨论,指出问题在于如何理解gap这个词。

第二段:从正方去说明,技术的很多进步促进了财富的积累速度,例如网上炒股,例如电信的发展和运输业的进步,很多人借此得到超乎寻常的财富,而另一些人为生存而奋斗,技术放大了很多优势和劣势。

第三段:从反方去讲,说明技术进步使得很多以前只属于富人的事情现在普及很多,例如坐飞机,买汽车,网上购物和音响。在生活上的gap似乎没有财富上那么大,而且目前看来很多东西在快速的普及,也就会惠及所有人而非只是富人。

结论:gap的大小要看如何定义这个词,而且很多时候不同方面的情况不同。

范文:

Presently, many would vaunt the gap between the rich and poor, attributing such a gap to the thriving of modern technology.But some others would dispute this view. What lies between such arguments is the definition of the word"gap",the cons and pros would argue from their points of view as follows:

The pros for such an idea come up with many examples , ranging from the internet stock exchange and mobile communication, they believe such methods of technology have broaden the gap between the better-off and the poorer because they can add much faster to the wealthier's fortune and less to the poor's wallets.Examples of trillionaires are various from Bill Gates to some famous website owners, who are mostly related to the development of internet or communication. In this sense, the gap between them and the rest is increasing.

The cons stand still to their definition of "gap". The gap of living standard between the poor and the rich is actually decreasing for the improvement of technology. In the past ,car owners are very much like showing off  their status and wealth, the case was quite similar to the first generation of mobile phone owners.But when technology has overwhelmed such gap, we can see how popular cars and mobile phones are, they are no longer any symbols of status. Another example is from the way that people travel, we used to take a train, but presently most people would prefer to take a flight if the destination is quite far away.Such gap between the rich and poor is not as obvious as before.

As my conclusion, I would say that such a dispute can reach no result due to the vagueness of topic, IELTS had better give some more clarified or common-based argument to share. 


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