几个技巧帮你搞定托福听力遇到细节题不再懵


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托福听力细节题是托福常考题型,细节题 (detail questions) 考察考生对托福听力对话或讲座重要细节的了解。今年来托福听力细节题在托福听力中所占比例越来越重,每一个托福对话或讲座都至少会出2~3到细节题。特此辛达小编为大家整理了一些托福听力细节题解题战略和技巧,期望能够协助到考生们功课托福听力细节题。


  例如:重要概念的界说或解说,事物、现象或理论的特点,以及教授讲解时所罗列的重要比如等等。


  细节题常见的问题方式


  1. What is X?


  2. Which of the area does the picture illustrate?


  3. According to the professor, what is one way that X can affect Y?


  4. According to the professor, what is the main problem with the X theory?


  5. Why does the university do X?


  6. What resulted from the invention of the X?


  7. Why does the professor mention...?


  做题技巧


  无论是托福听力对话还是讲座,做细节题的要害都是做好听力笔记,根据笔记做题。细节题更是极其依赖听力笔记的题型。细节题只考察重要细节,一般是与宗旨相关的,不会考到很细小的细节。总归,需要重视概念解说、事物特征、比较、比如、因果转机后和着重后的内容,做好笔记。如果笔记做的不是很好,无法确认正确选项,就挑选一个会话或讲座主题的选项。


  引出答案的信号词和信号句


  1. 当教授用5W-H ( what, who, when, where, why, how)自问自答时,答复常常是细节题的答案。


  2. 下界说或解说概念

  That is why they are called...


  Basically, what this says...


  The general definition is...


  ... is know/defined as...


  The term means...


  3. 表主张

  Why not/ Why dont you...


  You should...


  What about/ How about...


  Youd better...


  I suggest / recommend...


  Have you tried...


  4. 表特征 

  The main feature(s)/ character(s)/ characteristic(s)/ is/ are...


  Concerning Xs appearance...


  X is made up of ...


  They can.../ They can be used ...


  5. 表转机

  but, however, in fact,


  actually, yet, while, unless...


  6. 表着重

  remember, keep in mind,


  be sure to note that...,


  pay special attention to...


  7. 表举例

  for example, for instance,


  to exemplify, to illustrate,


  lets consider the case of...


  8. 表因果

  because (of), since,


  due to, as a result of,


  resulting from, that is why...


  做题步骤


  1. 查看笔记,要注意按照笔记所记细节的次序找答案的位置,因为托福听力的出题次序一般与录音次序共同,即与笔记次序共同。


  2. 分析选项:将选项与笔记进行比较,一般答案都是笔记内容的同义替换。


  3. 确认答案


  Tips 正确选项 VS 过错选项


  正确:


  1. 原文中对该专业词汇的正确解说


  2. 原文重要细节的近义词替换


  过错:


  1. 虽然重复听力原文的原词,但偷换概念


  2. 过错信息或是别的一题的信息


  3. 文中根本就没有说到的信息


  4. 不符合知识的答案


  5. 用宗旨题的信息答细节题



  举个栗子:


  Male Student: Oh, I see what you mean. Umm, is that that stuff about hopping genes, or something like that?


  Female Student: Right. Although actually theyre called jumping genes, not hopping genes.


  Male Student: Oh, OK. Jumping genes.


  Female Student: Yeah, but they have another name, too, that I cant think of. Umm... let me see if I can find it here in the book...


  Male Student: I thank its probably on...


  Female Student: Oh, OK. Here it is. Transposons. Thats what theyre called.


  Male Student: Let me see. OK. Trans-po-sons, trans-posons. Sotransposons is another name for a jumping gene?


  Female Student: Right. And these transposons are, you know, like, little bits od DNA that are able to move form one cell to another. Thats why theyre called jumping genes. They kind of, you know, jump from one cell to another.


  Male Student: OK


  According to the conversation, why are transposons sometimes calledjumping genes?


  A. They are able to move form one bacteria cell to another.


  B. They are found in people with exceptional jumping ability.


  C. They occur in every other generation of bacteria.


  D. Their movements are rapid and unpredictable.


  这是一道典型的考概念解说的细节题。问的是为什么 transposons 有时候也被叫做 jumping genes”。


  首要,对话里屡次出现表示概念界说的信号词 is calledname”,因而容易出概念解说方面的细节题。信号句后出现的要点概念 jumping genes 和“transposons 及概念的解说 And these transposons ... are able to move form one cell to another. 


  其次出现了原因信号词 Thats why”,信号词后是要点:“ jump from one cell to another”。近义词替换后得出正确选项为:“They are able to move form one bacteria cell to another”。


  以上就是针对托福听力细节题的解题战略及技巧。




辛达小编找到的是作者的一些见解,希望可以为考生们寻找到最好得分方式。这些资料大家可以作为参考吸收到自己的经验谈之中,适合自己的方法就是最好的方法,希望对大家有所帮助。最后,辛达代报希望广大考生们在备考过程中提升自己的语言水平,取得更好的成绩。

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