副词及要点解析


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  副词是TOEEL测试中十分活泼的词类。它与形容词一样,是词类变化题型必考的词性。一般说来,有关副词的标题并不很难。绝大部分考的是副词词性的判别。题型主要有下述几项:(1)副词与形容词混杂(详见本忆关键之[词类变化])(2)否定副词Not 的用法、(3)易混杂的副词。

  副词常考题型及解题关键

  1. 副词与形容词的功用差异:形容词润饰名词;副词润饰除名词以外的一切词性及句子成分

  [例1] The ordeal of the Cherokee Indians, who were forcible moved from their homeland in the 1830*s, is remembered as the *Tears*. (91.10)

  [答案] B 润饰动词moved使用副词forcibly。

  [例2] Although the United States experienced rapidly growth in the first half of the nincieenth century, it was still predominately concerned with agriculture and forestry. (93.10)

  [答案] A 润饰名词growth使用形容词rapid,而不用副词rapidly。 此题是TOEEL常考类型题。请注意以- ly后缀构成的副词通常是出题焦点。

  2. 否定词not与形容词no的差异

  解题关键: 区别副词not和形容词no的出题是TOEEL常考的题型,主要散布在structure (1-15题)中。当not或no出现在选择答案中,应首先判别它所润饰的中心词的词性以决议选哪一个否定词。

  全真例分析

  (1) Since Alaska attained statehood in 1959------- single party has dominated politics there.

  (A) none

  (B) no

  (C) not

  (D) never (94.1)

  [答案] B 润饰中心名词party使用形容词no,而非副词not。

  (2) ------- social crusade aroused Elizabeth Williams enthusiasm more than the expansion of the United States.

  (A) No

  (B) Nothing

  (C) Not

  (D) None (91.10)

  [答案] 润饰主语名词crusade 使用形容词no. 而非副词not。

  (3) ------- all rainwater falling from a cloud reaches the ground, some of it is lost through evaporation.

  (A) Nowhere

  (B) Not

  (C) No

  (D) None (91.8)

  [答案] B 润饰形容词all使用否定副词not。Not all (不是一切的)是固定短语搭配,表明的是部分否定,not all = sosme。

  (4) The mechanism by which brain cells store memories is ------- clearly understood.

  (A) none

  (B) no

  (C) not

  (D) nor (90.5)

  [答案] C 否定系词is,使用副词not。

  (5) Not woman held a presidential cabinet position in the United States until 1933. When Frances Perkins became secretary of labor. (89.1)

  [答案] A Not 改为No.

  3. 区分词形相近的副词和形容词

  hare (尽力、副词)- hardly (简直不、副词)

  close (挨近、形容词)- closely (挨近、副词)

  near (挨近、形容词)- nearly (简直、副词)

  most (大多数的、形容词)-mostly(主要地、副词)

  late (迟、晚、形容词)-lately(最近、副词)

  全真例题分析

  (1) Chief Joseph Flesche. A vigorous Omaha leader, worked hardly to make his nation a proud and progressive one. (93.1)

  [答案] B hardly (简直不)改为hard(尽力)。

  (2) Glaciers that develop nearly the North and South Poles advance into the sea. Break into pieces, and become icebergs. (90.8)

  [答案] B 副词nearly意思是“简直”。此句应改为near(挨近)。

  (3) Those electrons most closely to the nucleus are held electromagnetic force. (92.1)

  [答案] B most closely 改为most close。

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