名词及要点解析1


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  有关名词的标题在历届TOEEL考试中占相当大的比例,但题形却十分单一易解。名词的出题焦点主要集中在名词的单复数问题上。试题一般分布在written Expression (16-40题〕中。名词的考题过于简略。反而易被忽略,所以还应当加倍留意。

  名词常考题型及解题关键

  1. 可数名词的复数概念有必要加-s,不可数名词任何时候都不可接-s

  全真例题剖析

  (1) Every year Colorado is visited by millions of tourists who come for a variety of teason. (92.8)

  [答案] D reason为可数名词,a varity of 表示大都概念,故(D)应改为reasons。

  (2)Rebecca Latimer, a political commentator and the author of several book ,was the first woman to become a United States senator. (92.10)

  [答案] C book为可数名词,several表示大都概念,故(C)使用复数形式books。

  (3) The most useful way of looking at a map is not as a piece of papers but as a record of geographically organized information. (91.1)

  [答案] C paper表示“纸张”时是不可数名词,不能接-s。

  (4) Andrew Wyeth is famous for his realistic and thoughtful paintings of person and plans in rural Pennsylvania and Maine (93.5)

  [答案] C person为可数名词,依据句意,这里应是大都概念的people。

  2. 名词的数应与其前面的润饰成分一致

  解题关键 下述单词和短语决定名词的单复数:a / an every much many some several this those other one of…等等

  全真例题剖析

  (1) A time zone is a slightly irregular north-south belts that extends from pole to pole (92.10)

  [答案] C 中心名词belts前有不定冠词a,故应改为奇数belt。A / an与其中心名词之间隔有冗长的定语成分,此名词常是考题焦点。

  (2) Although mockingbirds superbly mimicthe songs and calls of many bird they can nonetheless be quickly identified as mockingbirds by certain aural clues. (94.1)

  [答案] B bird为不可数名词,它前面的润饰语many即决定了它使用复数形式。

  (3) The fritillaries, one of the largest group of bufferflies, are found not only in this country but in many other pants of the world as well (94.5)

  [答案] A 短语one of…后边有必要接名词的复数形式,即groups。

  (4) Manganese does exist naturally in a pure state because it reacts so easily with other element. (91.1)

  [答案] D 形容词other后边接复数的可数名词,故element 应加-s.

  (5) In 1987 the sales of ice cream in the United States amounted to fifteen quarts per year for every persons in the country. (92.1)

  [答案] D 形容词every后边应接奇数名词,即person。

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