写作句子结构错误分析之主谓一致


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  托福写作的评分标准中对言语语法有详细的要求。本文辛达代报将罗列同学们常见语法过错,大家写作中应留意躲避。根据以往同学常犯的过错咱们将进行剖析,下文中的例子均是之前同学们常写出的问题句。此处咱们会要点解说:语句结构过错。

  主谓数量共同

  简单句是语句最基本单位,要契合完整性,即一个语句必须有且只要一套主语和谓语。假如

  需求多主谓结构,需求衔接词衔接或者表现出逻辑联系才能够。

  例1:

  原句:One day, I watched this program talk about the habits of lions.

  修正:将talk改为talking。

  原因:句中有谓语watched,则talk需求改为非谓语动词。

  例2:

  原句:The reading passage contends that read fewer literature books has bad effect for reading public culture and the future of literature.

  修正:将read改为reading。

  原因:句中有谓语has,一起read是其主语,所以将read改为动名词。

  例3:

  原句:The professor proves that this claim is not correct by pointing out that destroy fossils is better than bury them in the ground.

  修正:将destroy改为destroying;将bury改为burying。

  原因:句中有谓语is,一起destroy和bury是其主语,故改为动名词。

  例4:

  原句:I loved every exciting movement that the sportsmen make, those kinds of movement make me very relaxed.

  修正:将逗号改为分号,或句号(若改为句号,此刻后边those最初字母t大写)。

  原因:逗号没有衔接两句话的功用。

  例5:

  原句:It is undeniable that modern people change their jobs continuously, imaginably, some people reckoned that the ability to adapt to the new environment is essential.

  修正:将第一个逗号改为分号,或句号(若改为句号,此刻后边imaginably最初字母i大写)。

  原因:逗号没有衔接两句话的功用。

  例6:

  原句:My brother had only learned concepts in the textbooks before, thus after the experiment, he gradually knew better about knowledge on the books.

  修正:将thus改为but。

  原因:thus是副词,没有衔接功用;一起前后是反义联系,故改为but。

  例7:

  原句:Obviously, the professor’s argument disproves its counterpart in the reading. Even though the reading passage suggests that Chevalier is very poor.

  修正:将句号改为逗号,一起后边even小写。

  原因:even though当逻辑衔接词,要衔接两句话。

  例8:

  原句:Despite the statement in the reading that eco-certified wood is more expensive than normal wood. The professor contends that American customers will care about the price only when price difference is too big.

  修正:将句号改为逗号,一起后边the小写。

  原因:despite表明晰逻辑联系,需求跟句号后的语句有逻辑联系。

  例9:

  原句:If you choosing an unsecure job, you will always worry about the stability of your job.

  修正:将choosing改为choose。

  原因:if假如衔接语句,其间必须有谓语。

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