写作词法错误分析之动词


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  托福写作的评分标准中对言语语法有详细的要求。本文辛达代报将罗列同学们常见语法过错,咱们写作中应留意躲避。依据以往同学常犯的过错咱们将进行剖析,下文中的比如均是之前同学们常写出的问题句。此处咱们会要点讲解:词性误用,名词,限定词,代词,动词,介词等几个方面。

  今日剖析的是动词

  1) 时态

  英语中靠动词方式的改变来表达不同的时态。时态分成时刻和状况两个维度,其间时刻包含:现在,曩昔,将来,曩昔将来;状况包含:一般,进行,完结,完结进行。托福写作中要点需求重视的是时刻维度。惯例描绘用一般现在时或现在进行时;假如举比如的工作发作在曩昔则用一般曩昔时;假如表达与现在的联系,则需求运用现在完结时。

  1) 时态

  例1:

  原句:Although I have no work experience when I was a teenager, I always dreamed about having a job.

  修正:将have改为had。

  原因:整句话的时刻是曩昔。

  例2:

  原句:Her parents thought that this is not my aunt’s fault, so they complain to the school.

  修正:将is改为was;将complain改为complained。

  原因:整句话的时刻是曩昔。

  例3:

  原句:Incontrovertibly, his creation made him a billionaire, but the previous ideal is powerful motivation for him.

  修正:将is改为was。

  原因:整句话的时刻是曩昔。

  例4:

  原句:To solve the problems that happened in our lives, people would adopt a variety of approaches to seek for a solution.

  修正:将happened改为happen;将would改为will。

  原因:整句话标明的是常态,所以用现在时。

  例5:

  原句:I would explain my view in the following paragraphs.

  修正:将would改为will。

  原因:这儿标明惯例描绘,不是曩昔。

  2) 口气

  英语中,动词的口气能够分为客观口气与片面口气。客观口气重在陈说事实,片面口气重在说明人的片面志愿。此刻动词运用需求留意。

  原句:It is required that chemical material is added in the food.

  修正:将is改为be。

  原因:require标明此刻后边体现说话人的片面,相当于在be前有should,然后should能够省掉。

  3) 语态

  英语中名词与动词的联系有自动和被迫之分。比如下面的比如:

  He can interest others.

  其间,he做了interest的发出者,为自动的联系;others做了interest的承受者,为被迫的联系。假如interest要变形来润饰he,则能够变成interesting来标明自动联系;要润饰others,则能够变成interested来标明被迫联系。

  例1:

  原句:Finally, the author of the reading claims that American wood companies need to certified only when they sold to foreign market.

  修正:将certified改为be certified;将sold改为are sold。

  原因:done的方式仅标明被迫,若要变成谓语或在to的后边需求加be。

  例2:

  原句:Finally, the professor asserts that Chevalier was escaped by climbing through the roof, whereas the author of the reading claims that he saved from a prison by his friends’ bribery.

  修正:将was escaped改为escaped;将saved改为was saved。

  原因:原句中动词与名词的联系均为被迫联系。

  4) 非谓语动词

  英语中非谓语动词有三种方式(用do来标明):doing,to do,done。其间有些根本性质。(1)doing和to do能够充任名词;(2)doing和to do润饰名词标明自动联系,done润饰名词标明被迫联系;(3)doing标明正在进行,to do标明未发作。

  例1:

  原句:Secondly, most people would agree that ask for the students to help their parents to do some household scores will encourage students to acquire knowledge in a creative environment.

  修正:将ask改为asking。

  原因:这儿ask for做主语,应该用asking的方式。

  例2:

  原句:From the analysis of make students help their parents to do some household chores, it is not difficult to assert this summary that instead of providing a specific reward…

  修正:将make改为making。

  原因:这儿make在of后,应该用名词方式。

  例3:

  原句:My brother, Xiao Ming, never does household such as washing clothes, sweep the floor and clean up the house, because parents spoil him when he is a kid.

  修正:将sweep改为sweeping;将clean改为 cleaning。

  原因:这儿与前面的washing并排,充任such as后的比如,故运用名词方式。

  例4:

  原句:Secondly, it is by fit with new environment speedy that people can benefit their companies effectively.

  修正:将fit改为fitting。

  原因:by后边要加名词。

  例5:

  原句:However, if we analyze this issue from a different perspective, we can find that the inspirations they have provided are priceless, especially for desperate or confusing people.

  修正:将confusing改为confused

  原因:confused标明“困惑的”,confusing标明“令人困惑的”。依据句义应该运用前者。

  例6:

  原句:Comparing with the money people earns, the sense of achievement is more important.

  修正:将comparing改为compared。

  原因:the sense和compare是被迫联系。

  例7:

  原句:In my case, how much pocket money my father gives me always depends on how many housework I can done.

  修正:将done改为do。

  原因:can是神态动词,后边用动词原形。

  例8:

  原句:At the same time, most of those factories release toxic material such as polluted water in the river or field, which made the vegetables and fruits becoming toxic.

  修正:将becoming改为become。

  原因:becoming标明“正在变得”,而此处标明“变得”。

  5) be

  写英语的进程对很多人来说是先想出中文意思,然后翻译成英文。在翻译进程中时简单在动作前加“是”,于是就出现了 be + V 的过错结构。

  比如表达“我喜爱狗”,简单表达成“我是喜爱狗的”,于是就简单写成:I am like a dog.(这但是“我像狗”的意思呀)。正确写法是:I like dogs.

  例1:

  原句:It is can image that the time of leisure will be shrunk in terms of vocation and weekend.

  修正:将is can image改为can be imagined。

  原因:不能在can前加,一起imagine的被迫表达是be imagined。

  例2:

  原句:It is indisputable that the circumstances are change all the time.

  修正:将are change改为change,或are changing。

  原因:由于change是原形,不能在前加are。

  例3:

  原句:Students will try their best as they can study are not only for achieving the high marks but also approaching the money they should have.

  修正:去掉are。

  原因:已经有can study,不能再加谓语了。

  例4:

  原句:Nevertheless, there is a worldwide confliction that a majority of modern cities are suffer from the low rate of territorial utilization, which means that numerous people in cities are homeless.

  修正:去掉are,或把suffer改为suffering。

  原因:are和suffer都是谓语方式,不能共存。

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