写作词法错误分析之名词


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  托福写作的评分标准中对言语语法有详细的要求。本文辛达代报将罗列同学们常见语法过错,咱们写作中应留意规避。依据以往同学常犯的过错咱们将进行剖析,下文中的比如均是之前同学们常写出的问题句。此处咱们会要点解说:词性误用,名词,限定词,代词,动词,介词等几个方面。

  今日剖析的是名词

  1) 量

  英语中名词的量是个根底概念。在量的角度,名词能够分为:可数名词和不可数名词。可数名词中又有奇数和复数的区别。因为中文中没有相关的变化,所以在写作中同学们简单犯过错。

  例1:

  原句:In the past, few student go to this university because of its bad reputation of professor.

  修正:将professor改为professors。

  原因:因为university中不只一个教授,别的教授也是个可数名词,故改为复数方法。

  例2:

  原句:Nevertheless, I strongly oppose the proposal, which will be elaborated in the following paragraph explicitly.

  修正:将paragraph改为paragraphs。

  原因:因为接下来不只一段,故改为复数方法。

  例3:

  原句:Conversely, if we analyze this problem form a different perspective, we can find that those people underestimate the real situation that the machines cannot complete some sort of works for people, like creating arts, sale, and teaching.

  修正:将works改为work。

  原因:works一般意为“著作”,当“作业”讲时不可数。

  例4:

  原句:As the fan of a certain athlete, those people have the expectation that their idols win more than others.

  修正:将fan改为fans;将a certain athlete改为certain athletes。

  原因:因为后边的those people指代fans,故将fan改为复数;idols是复数,应该指代certain athletes

  例5:

  原句:It is common trend that parents pay more and more attention to students’ education.

  修正:将common trend改为a common trend。

  原因:trend“趋势”是可数名词,所以需求加a表明“一个”。

  例6:

  原句:In fact, visiting tourism spot with several days is a feasible choice to most people.

  修正:将spot改为spots、

  原因:spot表明“地址”是可数名词,这儿表明的是许多景点,所以是复数方法。

  2) 详细与笼统

  英语中名词也有详细和笼统这个区别。因为性质不同,在运用中需求留意方法。比如“朋友”是friend,可是“友谊”就是friendship。前者是详细概念,后者是笼统概念,不能用错。

  例1:

  原句:For example, Lionel Messi, a famous football athlete, won many champions because of his professional skills.

  修正:将champions改为championships。

  原因:champion是人,championship是冠军头衔。

  例2:

  原句:In the meantime, the coaches might also establish a higher target, like seizing champion or breaking record, which will be converted into another pressure of them.

  修正:将champion改为championships;将record改为records。

  原因:champion修正方法同例1;record虽是笼统概念,可是这儿是可数,故改为复数方法。

  例3:

  原句:To be precise, the costing of survival will increase considerably.

  修正:将costing改为cost。

  原因:cost是“本钱,价值”,costing是动词cost“花费”的名词。依据本句句义应该运用前者。

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